By Lyapunov control, we present a protocol to prepare entangled states such as Bell states in the context of cavity QED system. The advantage of our method is of threefold. Firstly, we can only control the phase of classical fields to complete the preparation process. Secondly, the evolution time is sharply shortened when compared to adiabatic control. Thirdly, the final state is steady after removing control fields. The influence of decoherence caused by the atomic spontaneous emission and the cavity decay is discussed. The numerical results show that the control scheme is immune to decoherence, especially for the atomic spontaneous emission from $$|2\rangle $$ | 2 ⟩ to $$|1\rangle $$ | 1 ⟩ . This can be understood as the state staying in an invariant subspace. Finally, we generalize this method in preparation of W state.
Quantum Information Processing – Springer Journals
Published: Sep 20, 2016
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