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Preparation of antinutrients-reduced dhokla using response surface process optimisation

Preparation of antinutrients-reduced dhokla using response surface process optimisation Dhokla, a popular indigenous savoury dish of India, is prepared by soaking bengalgram dal and rice, grinding separately, mixing the batters, and spontaneously fermenting and steaming of mixed batter. Central composite rotatable response surface designs for soaking, fermentation and steaming at five-level combinations were used for optimising preparation of dhokla to achieve reduced contents of antinutrients. Optimum soaking of bengalgram dal (dal–water ratio of 1:5 w/w, pH 7.0, 23 °C, 20 h) and rice (rice–water ratio of 1:5 w/w, pH 5.6, 16 °C, 18 h) resulted in reduced levels of all the antinutrients, except total biogenic amines in rice. Fermentation of dal–rice (3:1 v/v) mixed batter under optimum condition (added NaCl of 8 g/kg, 32 °C, 18 h) further reduced their levels, but total biogenic amines content was enhanced. However, optimum steaming of dal–rice mixed fermented batter for 20 min was effective in reducing all the tested antinutrients. In dhokla, the content of tannins, phytic acid and total biogenic amines reduced by 100, 94 and 20%, respectively; trypsin inhibitor and haemagglutinating activities reduced by 92 and 100%, respectively, over raw ingredients. The optimally prepared product (dhokla) ranked “excellent” in terms of overall sensory quality. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Food Science and Technology Springer Journals

Preparation of antinutrients-reduced dhokla using response surface process optimisation

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by Association of Food Scientists & Technologists (India)
Subject
Chemistry; Food Science; Nutrition; Chemistry/Food Science, general
ISSN
0022-1155
eISSN
0975-8402
DOI
10.1007/s13197-018-3119-9
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Dhokla, a popular indigenous savoury dish of India, is prepared by soaking bengalgram dal and rice, grinding separately, mixing the batters, and spontaneously fermenting and steaming of mixed batter. Central composite rotatable response surface designs for soaking, fermentation and steaming at five-level combinations were used for optimising preparation of dhokla to achieve reduced contents of antinutrients. Optimum soaking of bengalgram dal (dal–water ratio of 1:5 w/w, pH 7.0, 23 °C, 20 h) and rice (rice–water ratio of 1:5 w/w, pH 5.6, 16 °C, 18 h) resulted in reduced levels of all the antinutrients, except total biogenic amines in rice. Fermentation of dal–rice (3:1 v/v) mixed batter under optimum condition (added NaCl of 8 g/kg, 32 °C, 18 h) further reduced their levels, but total biogenic amines content was enhanced. However, optimum steaming of dal–rice mixed fermented batter for 20 min was effective in reducing all the tested antinutrients. In dhokla, the content of tannins, phytic acid and total biogenic amines reduced by 100, 94 and 20%, respectively; trypsin inhibitor and haemagglutinating activities reduced by 92 and 100%, respectively, over raw ingredients. The optimally prepared product (dhokla) ranked “excellent” in terms of overall sensory quality.

Journal

Journal of Food Science and TechnologySpringer Journals

Published: Mar 20, 2018

References