Preparation and characterization of monodisperse silica nanoparticles via miniemulsion sol–gel reaction of tetraethyl orthosilicate

Preparation and characterization of monodisperse silica nanoparticles via miniemulsion sol–gel... Monodisperse silica nanoparticles were prepared via miniemulsion sol–gel reaction of tetraethyl orthosilicate (TEOS). Hexadecane (HD) or hexadecyltrimethoxysilane was used as costabilizer to effectively retard the Ostwald ripening process involved in TEOS miniemulsion. The Ostwald ripening behavior was characterized by dynamic light scattering (DLS), and it was adequately described by the modified Kabal’nov equation. The miniemulsion sol–gel reaction of TEOS/HD with a volume fraction (φ c) of 0.024 at 80 °C is stable in the pH range 6–10. By contrast, gelation of reacting miniemulsions occurs at 70 and 100 min at pH 4 and 5, respectively. The weight-average silica particle size (d w) of colloidal products prepared at 80 °C and pH 7 decreases from 59 to 36 nm with low polydispersity index (PDI, in the range 1.02–1.03), determined by transmission electron microscopy, when the φ c of HD increases from 0.024 to 0.23. At constant φ c (0.024), the resultant silica nanoparticles show larger d w (83 nm) and PDI (1.35) for the TEOS/HD system at pH 10 as compared to the counterpart of pH 7. Furthermore, for the TEOS/HD system at pH 7 and low φ c (0.024), d w increases significantly with temperature being increased from 25 to 80 °C. By contrast, the effect of temperature on silica nanoparticle size becomes insignificant when a high level of HD (φ c = 0.23) is used. Zeta potential measurements and field emission scanning electron microscopy were used to characterize the surface charge density and morphology of resultant silica nanoparticles. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Materials Science Springer Journals

Preparation and characterization of monodisperse silica nanoparticles via miniemulsion sol–gel reaction of tetraethyl orthosilicate

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Publisher
Springer US
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 by Springer Science+Business Media, LLC
Subject
Materials Science; Materials Science, general; Characterization and Evaluation of Materials; Polymer Sciences; Continuum Mechanics and Mechanics of Materials; Crystallography and Scattering Methods; Classical Mechanics
ISSN
0022-2461
eISSN
1573-4803
D.O.I.
10.1007/s10853-017-1402-1
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Monodisperse silica nanoparticles were prepared via miniemulsion sol–gel reaction of tetraethyl orthosilicate (TEOS). Hexadecane (HD) or hexadecyltrimethoxysilane was used as costabilizer to effectively retard the Ostwald ripening process involved in TEOS miniemulsion. The Ostwald ripening behavior was characterized by dynamic light scattering (DLS), and it was adequately described by the modified Kabal’nov equation. The miniemulsion sol–gel reaction of TEOS/HD with a volume fraction (φ c) of 0.024 at 80 °C is stable in the pH range 6–10. By contrast, gelation of reacting miniemulsions occurs at 70 and 100 min at pH 4 and 5, respectively. The weight-average silica particle size (d w) of colloidal products prepared at 80 °C and pH 7 decreases from 59 to 36 nm with low polydispersity index (PDI, in the range 1.02–1.03), determined by transmission electron microscopy, when the φ c of HD increases from 0.024 to 0.23. At constant φ c (0.024), the resultant silica nanoparticles show larger d w (83 nm) and PDI (1.35) for the TEOS/HD system at pH 10 as compared to the counterpart of pH 7. Furthermore, for the TEOS/HD system at pH 7 and low φ c (0.024), d w increases significantly with temperature being increased from 25 to 80 °C. By contrast, the effect of temperature on silica nanoparticle size becomes insignificant when a high level of HD (φ c = 0.23) is used. Zeta potential measurements and field emission scanning electron microscopy were used to characterize the surface charge density and morphology of resultant silica nanoparticles.

Journal

Journal of Materials ScienceSpringer Journals

Published: Jul 21, 2017

References

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