Prenatal Oral Health Counseling by Primary Care Physicians: Results of a National Survey

Prenatal Oral Health Counseling by Primary Care Physicians: Results of a National Survey Objectives Limited information exists on the extent oral health is addressed in the context of prenatal care. This study sought to investigate characteristics of primary care physicians (PCP) who provide oral health counseling to pregnant women. Methods The study relied upon data from the 2013 Survey of PCP on Oral Health. Provision of oral health counseling to pregnant women (sometimes vs. rarely/never) was the primary outcome. Covariates included respondents’ demographic and practice characteristics, oral health-related training, knowledge, attitudes, preparedness and clinical behaviors. The analytical strategy included bivariate tests and multivariable Poisson regression modeling, accounting for the survey design; inference was based upon marginal effects estimation. Results Two-thirds of PCP (233 out of 366 respondents) reported providing oral health counseling to pregnant women. In bivariate comparisons, female PCP, PCP with oral health-specific instruction during medical training, favorable oral health-related attitudes, behaviors, preparedness, and knowledge were more likely to provide counseling (p < 0.05). Multivariable analyses confirmed the independent associations of female gender [marginal effect = + 9.7 percentage points (p.p.); 95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.0–19.0], years in practice (− 0.4 p.p. for each added year; 95% CI = − 0.09 to 0.0), oral health continuing education (+ 13.2 p.p.; 95% CI = 2.6–23.8), preparedness (+ 23.0 p.p.; 95% CI = 16.9–29.0) and oral health counseling of adult patients with other conditions (+ 8.8 p.p.; 95% CI = 4.6–13.3) with prenatal oral health counseling. Conclusions for Practice A considerable proportion of PCP nationwide counsel pregnant patients on oral health. Provider attributes including education and preparedness appear as promising targets for interventions aimed to enhance pregnant women’s oral health and care. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Maternal and Child Health Journal Springer Journals

Prenatal Oral Health Counseling by Primary Care Physicians: Results of a National Survey

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature
Subject
Medicine & Public Health; Public Health; Sociology, general; Population Economics; Pediatrics; Gynecology; Maternal and Child Health
ISSN
1092-7875
eISSN
1573-6628
D.O.I.
10.1007/s10995-018-2483-4
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Objectives Limited information exists on the extent oral health is addressed in the context of prenatal care. This study sought to investigate characteristics of primary care physicians (PCP) who provide oral health counseling to pregnant women. Methods The study relied upon data from the 2013 Survey of PCP on Oral Health. Provision of oral health counseling to pregnant women (sometimes vs. rarely/never) was the primary outcome. Covariates included respondents’ demographic and practice characteristics, oral health-related training, knowledge, attitudes, preparedness and clinical behaviors. The analytical strategy included bivariate tests and multivariable Poisson regression modeling, accounting for the survey design; inference was based upon marginal effects estimation. Results Two-thirds of PCP (233 out of 366 respondents) reported providing oral health counseling to pregnant women. In bivariate comparisons, female PCP, PCP with oral health-specific instruction during medical training, favorable oral health-related attitudes, behaviors, preparedness, and knowledge were more likely to provide counseling (p < 0.05). Multivariable analyses confirmed the independent associations of female gender [marginal effect = + 9.7 percentage points (p.p.); 95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.0–19.0], years in practice (− 0.4 p.p. for each added year; 95% CI = − 0.09 to 0.0), oral health continuing education (+ 13.2 p.p.; 95% CI = 2.6–23.8), preparedness (+ 23.0 p.p.; 95% CI = 16.9–29.0) and oral health counseling of adult patients with other conditions (+ 8.8 p.p.; 95% CI = 4.6–13.3) with prenatal oral health counseling. Conclusions for Practice A considerable proportion of PCP nationwide counsel pregnant patients on oral health. Provider attributes including education and preparedness appear as promising targets for interventions aimed to enhance pregnant women’s oral health and care.

Journal

Maternal and Child Health JournalSpringer Journals

Published: Mar 16, 2018

References

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