Cardiopulmonary bypass-associated acute kidney injury (CPB-AKI) is a well-recognized complication which is clearly linked to increased morbidity and mortality. Due to important role of inflammation in CPB-AKI pathogenesis, we explored the association between polymorphisms in STAT3, an inflammation-associated transcription factor, and the risk of CPB-AKI. In this study, STAT3 rs1053004 and rs744166 polymorphisms were analyzed in 129 patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting in Jorjani heart center, Bandar Abbas, Iran. The genotypes were determined using sequence-specific primers (PCR–SSP). Sixty-three patients met the criteria for AKI after cardiac surgery (AKI group). The remaining 66 patients did not develop AKI (non-AKI group). Rs1053004 GG genotype was significantly associated with a decreased risk (OR 0.4, 95% CI 0.17–0.9, P = 0.03) of CPB-AKI. Subgroup analyses revealed that GG genotype has also a protective effect in older patients (Age ≥ 60) (OR 0.19, 95% CI 0.04–0.8, P = 0.01). However, rs744166 did not show any difference between AKI and non-AKI groups. The result of our study for the first time provides evidence that rs1053004 polymorphism is significantly associated with a decreased risk of CPB-AKI in Iranian population, especially in older subjects.
Biochemical Genetics – Springer Journals
Published: May 30, 2018
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