Purpose Oocyte vitrification is currently used for human fertility preservation. However, vitrification damage is a problem caused by decreasing ooplasmic levels of glutathione (GSH). The GSH donor glutathione ethyl ester (GSH-OEt) can signifi- cantly increase the GSH content in oocytes. However, it is difficult to obtain oocyte from woman. To overcome this, we used mouse oocytes to replace human oocytes as a model of study. Methods Oocytes from B6D2F1 mice were preincubated for 30 min with 2.5 mmol/L GSH-OEt (GSH-OEt group), without GSH-OEt preincubation before vitrification (control vitrification group) or in nonvitrified oocytes (fresh group). After thawing, oocytes were fertilized for evaluating the developmental competence of embryos in vitro and in vivo. Immunofluorescence, Polscope equipment and quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT–qPCR) were used to analyze damage, including mitochondrial distribution, reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels, spindle morphology, and gene expression levels (Bcl-2, BAX, and MnSOD). Results The rates of fertilization, 3–4 cell, blastocyst formation and expanded blastocysts were significantly higher (p <0.05) in the GSH-OEt group (90.4%; 91.1%; 88.9% and 63.0%) than in the control (80.0%; 81.4%; 77.7% and 50.5%). Provided embryos overcame the 2-cell block and developed to the blastocyst stage, birth rates of all groups were
Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics – Springer Journals
Published: Jun 6, 2018
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera