Preference Assessment for Dimensions of Reinforcement to Inform Token Economies Targeting Problem Behavior

Preference Assessment for Dimensions of Reinforcement to Inform Token Economies Targeting Problem... The purpose of the current two-experiment study was to examine the use of a preference assessment for dimensions of reinforcement to inform an effective token economy arrangement. Three participants diagnosed with developmental disabilities who engaged in negatively reinforced problem behavior participated in this study. During Experiment 1, a preference assessment for four dimensions of reinforcement (i.e., quality, immediacy, magnitude, and rate) occurred to inform a more- and less-preferred token economy arrangement. During Experiment 2, a treatment evaluation compared these two token economy arrangements. Results for all three participants showed lower rates of problem behavior under the more-preferred token economy arrangement compared to the less-preferred token economy arrangement. Rates of task completion were higher under the more-preferred token economy arrangement for one of the three participants. Results are discussed in terms of their practical implications for clinicians and educators implementing token economies to manage problem behavior. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Behavioral Education Springer Journals

Preference Assessment for Dimensions of Reinforcement to Inform Token Economies Targeting Problem Behavior

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 by Springer Science+Business Media New York
Subject
Psychology; Child and School Psychology; Learning and Instruction
ISSN
1053-0819
eISSN
1573-3513
D.O.I.
10.1007/s10864-017-9270-y
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The purpose of the current two-experiment study was to examine the use of a preference assessment for dimensions of reinforcement to inform an effective token economy arrangement. Three participants diagnosed with developmental disabilities who engaged in negatively reinforced problem behavior participated in this study. During Experiment 1, a preference assessment for four dimensions of reinforcement (i.e., quality, immediacy, magnitude, and rate) occurred to inform a more- and less-preferred token economy arrangement. During Experiment 2, a treatment evaluation compared these two token economy arrangements. Results for all three participants showed lower rates of problem behavior under the more-preferred token economy arrangement compared to the less-preferred token economy arrangement. Rates of task completion were higher under the more-preferred token economy arrangement for one of the three participants. Results are discussed in terms of their practical implications for clinicians and educators implementing token economies to manage problem behavior.

Journal

Journal of Behavioral EducationSpringer Journals

Published: Apr 21, 2017

References

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