Preface Russian Journal of Genetics, Vol. 38, No. 6, 2002, p. 585. Translated from Genetika, Vol. 38, No. 6, 2002, p. 709. Original Russian Text Copyright © 2002 by Ryskov. The present issue and one of the following issues of as medical genomics and genomic diagnostics, phar- the Russian Journal of Genetics are thematic and macogenomics, paleogenomics, gene informatics, devoted to the current problems of evolutionary genom- structural–functional, comparative, and evolutionary ics. Evolutionary genomics is a specialized area of the genomics. Today, the most complex problems of gen- new interdisciplinary field known as genomics, which eral and theoretical biology, such as problems of speci- ation, evolution, systematics, and phylogeny, necessar- concerns investigation of genomes at the molecular, chromosomal, biochemical, and phenotypic levels. ily require genomic studies. The main objective of evo- This field of research at the turn of the century wit- lutionary genomics is studying genomic diversity and nessed outstanding advances in the complete sequenc- mechanisms of genetic variation at different levels of organization of biological systems and reconstruction ing of the human genome and of a significant number of evolutionary pathways, i.e., genealogical relation- of genomes of bacteria, viruses, and organelles as well as those of yeast, nematode, Drosophila, and Arabidop- ships among living organisms. sis. These advances are based on tremendous progress The thematic issues of the Russian Journal of in genomic technologies, which, in their turn, promoted Genetics devoted to evolutionary genomics present the development of more efficient methods of genomic reviews and theoretical and experimental articles of analysis. It is increasingly recognized that the applica- Russian and foreign authors working in this field. The tion of methods and concepts of genomics to various range of considered issues is very diverse with regard to fields of biology, medicine, and agriculture revolution- both the methods and the problems of evolutionary izes their development, rapidly yielding both scientific genomics. We hope that these articles will be useful and and practical results. Depending on the area of applica- interesting for a wide range of specialists. tion, these methods and concepts determine the estab- lishment and progress of such new avenues of research A. P. Ryskov 1022-7954/02/3806-0585$27.00 © 2002 MAIK ÒNauka / Interperiodica” Russian Journal of Genetics Springer Journals


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Kluwer Academic Publishers-Plenum Publishers
Copyright © 2002 by MAIK "Nauka/Interperiodica"
Biomedicine; Human Genetics
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