Preface Russian Journal of Genetics, Vol. 39, No. 2, 2003, p. 99. Translated from Genetika, Vol. 39, No. 2, 2003, p. 149–150. Original Russian Text Copyright © 2003 by the Editorial Board. This issue is special in that all these considerations are inseparable from the name and research work of Aca- demician Georgii Pavlovich Georgiev, one of the founders of molecular biology and molecular genetics in Russia and worldwide, whose 70th birthday is cele- brated on February 4, 2003, by the scientific community. The triumphant of Georgiev in science is remarkable for the extremely wide area of his scientific interests and his impressive achievements in several fields of the molecular biology and molecular genetics of eukaryotes. Georgiev made a number of discoveries that became classic and gave rise to separate branches of science. These are the nuclear scaffold (nuclear matrix), replicon organization of chromo- somal domains, nuclear precursors of messenger RNA (pre-mRNA), palindrome sequences of pre-mRNA and DNA, nuclear ribonucleoprotein particles containing pre- mRNA, a new principle of the organization of nucleopro- tein structures, transposable elements of animal genomes, and genes of metastasizing and anticancer protection. These achievements have been highly regarded by the scientific community. Georgiev is a member of European Academy of Sciences, the German Academy of Leopoldina, the Norwegian Academy of Sciences, and the Spanish Academy of Sciences. He is also an associate member of EMBO and a laureate of the Lenin Prize and State Prizes of the Soviet Union and Russia. Georgiev’s high scientific authority and his serious attitude to working with young specialists favored the creation of a strong sci- This issue of the journal deals with a wide range of entific school, many of whose members became well- problems of molecular genetics, one of the central known scientists and are now heading research laborato- branches of modern biology, whose main goals lie in ries in Russia and in other countries. The foundation of the clarifying the molecular mechanisms of genetic pro- Institute of Gene Biology (Russian Academy of Sciences, cesses determining the vital activity of cells and organ- Moscow) in 1990 was an important event in Georgiev’s isms at various levels of biological integration. Now research career. As the head of this institute, Georgiev that we know the structure of the human genome, as supervises studies on topical problems of molecular genet- well as the genomes of many bacteria and viruses, ics, including structural and functional genomics, evolu- yeast, nematodes, Drosophila, and Arabidopsis, we tionary genomics, chromosome organization, control of may safely say that molecular genetics has been funda- genetic processes, molecular genetics of viruses, cancer, mentally renewed. Genomics, a new interdisciplinary immunity, development, and intracellular transport, as branch of science based on the most advanced methods well as transgenic organisms and stem cells. of genomic analysis, has come to life. It is becoming The authors of the articles published in this issue are obvious that integration of the methods and approaches students, associates, followers, and colleagues of Geor- of molecular genetics and genomics into various fields giev. Their contributions to this issue are a homage to of biology, medicine, and agriculture revolutionizes Georgiev and a modest reminder of his disciples and their development and ensures quick and impressive the admirers of his talent. The editorial staff and edito- scientific and practical results. At present, molecular rial board of the Russian Journal of Genetics offer Aca- genetic studies are also indispensable in solving the most demician Georgiev their most heartfelt congratulations complex problems of general and theoretical biology, on his 70th birthday, thank him for his long-term work such as species formation, evolution, and taxonomy. as the editor-in-chief of this journal and for his out- In this issue of our journal, an attempt is made to dem- standing contribution to biology, and wish him every onstrate and discuss current trends in molecular genetics. success in his creative work. 1022-7954/03/3902-0099$25.00 © 2003 MAIK ÒNauka / Interperiodica” Russian Journal of Genetics Springer Journals


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Kluwer Academic Publishers-Plenum Publishers
Copyright © 2003 by MAIK “Nauka/Interperiodica”
Biomedicine; Human Genetics
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