P1: vendor/GCZ P2: FYJ/GAY QC: FLF/FTK
Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment [saj] PP021-290758 December 8, 2000 10:52 Style ﬁle version Nov. 19th, 1999
Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment, Vol. 13, No. 2, 2001
Predictors of Recidivism in Australian Juvenile Sex
Offenders: Implications for Treatment
Dianna T. Kenny,
and Katie Seidler
Juvenile sex offenders charged with their ﬁrst sexual offence were compared with
recidivist juvenile sex offenders who had been charged with more than one sexual
offence on a number of factors related to sexual offending. Participants were 70
male juvenile sex offenders, aged 13–21 years who were awaiting court disposi-
tion. Negative family history, negative family characteristics, school and learning
problems, social skill deﬁcits, deviant sexual experiences,deviantsexual fantasies,
and cognitive distortions were assessed for their direct and mediating roles in re-
cidivism. Path analysis indicated that poor social skills, learning problems, and
deviant sexual experiences were causally related to recidivism of sexual offending.
Poor social skills were directly related to recidivism, whereas cognitive distortions
and deviant sexual fantasies mediated the role of learning problems and deviant
sexual experiences. There was a signiﬁcant association between deviant sexual
experience and learning problems. The ﬁndings support the role of cognitive dis-
tortions and deviant sexual fantasies in recidivist sexual offending for this sample.
The causal role identiﬁed for poor social skills and learning problems in recidivism
for sexual offending has implications for treatment and therefore deserves further
KEY WORDS: juvenile sex offenders; recidivism; predictors; cognitive distortions; deviant sexual
Recidivism in juvenile sexual offending is of major concern. Recent studies
indicate that between 3% and 70% of ﬁrst-time apprehended juvenile sex offenders
reoffend (Brannon & Troyer, 1995; Kenny, Seidler, Keogh, & Blaszczynski, 2000;
The University of Sydney, Australia.
New South Wales Department of Juvenile Justice, Australia.
New South Wales Department of Corrective Services, Australia.
To whom correspondence should be addressed at Faculty of Health Sciences, School of Behavioural
and Community Health Sciences, The University of Sydney, PO Box 170, Lidcombe, New South
Wales 1825, Australia; e-mail: email@example.com.
2001 Plenum Publishing Corporation