The masonry assemblage composed of two piers connected by a spandrel can be considered a repetitive unit in large masonry walls with openings, occurring in masonry buildings. In this work, the collapse load of the above-mentioned masonry assemblage is predicted by solving a system of nonlinear equations, where the normal force in the spandrel is a root of an equilibrium equation of fourth degree. Piers and spandrel are assumed rigid and nonlinearity (crushing and no tensile strength) is concentrated at the pier-foundation and pier–spandrel interfaces. The model also takes into account the effect of a timber lintel supporting the spandrel and anchored into the two adjacent piers. This approach valid for assemblages with one spandrel can be extended for the evaluation of the collapse load of structures composed of N piers connected by N − 1 spandrels. The system of nonlinear equations is easily solved with an iterative method and the collapse load provided by the solution agrees well with the experimental result.
Meccanica – Springer Journals
Published: Jun 12, 2017
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