Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment [saj] PL102-178 June 7, 2000 17:10 Style ﬁle version Nov. 19th, 1999
Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment, Vol. 12, No. 3, 2000
Prediction of Recidivism in Extrafamilial Child
Molesters Based on Court-Related Assessments
John M. Bradford,
and Michel R. Larose
One hundred ninety-two convicted extrafamilial child molesters were followed for
an average of 7.8 years after their conviction. The percentage of men who had com-
mitted a sexual, a violent, or any criminal offense by the 12th year was 15.1, 20.3,
and 41.6, respectively. The sexual recidivists, compared with the nonrecidivists,
demonstrated more problems with alcohol and showed greater sexual arousal to
assaultive stimuli involving children than to mutually consenting stimuli with chil-
dren. The violent recidivists, compared with the nonrecidivists, were more likely to
have a history of violence in the families in which they were raised and were rated
signiﬁcantly more psychopathic on the Psychopathy Checklist—Revised (PCL-R).
They also showed more sexual arousal to stimuli depicting mutually consenting
sexual interactions with children than to adult stimuli. In terms of any criminal
recidivism, recidivists were younger, had completed fewer years of school, and
were raised in psychologically more harmful family environments compared with
nonrecidivists. They also reported that, before 16 years of age, they were more
likely to have been physically abused and were more likely to have been removed
from their homes compared to those that did not recidivate. In addition, recidivists
demonstrated more general hostility on the Buss–Durkee Hostility Inventory and
were rated signiﬁcantly more psychopathic on the PCL-R. The phallometric as-
sessments revealed, that the criminal recidivists, compared to the nonrecidivists,
showed more sexual arousal to stimuli depicting coercive sexual activity with chil-
dren than consenting sexual activities with children. In addition, they showed more
sexual arousal to scenes depicting adult rape then adult mutually consenting sex.
Finally, the rcidivists also had more charges or convictions for violence and any
School of Psychology, University of Ottawa.
Department of Psychiatry, University of Ottawa.
Sexual Behaviors Clinic and Forensic Service, Royal Ottawa Hospital.
To whom correspondence should be addressed at School of Psychology and Department of Psy-
chiatry, 120 University Private, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada K1N 6N5. Fax: (613)562-5253. e-mail:
2000 Plenum Publishing Corporation