Objective To investigate whether volumetric enhancement on baseline MRI and volumetric oil deposition on unenhanced CT would predict HCC necrosis and response post-TACE. Method Of 115 retrospective HCC patients (173 lesions) who underwent cTACE, a subset of 53 HCC patients underwent liver transplant (LT). Semiautomatic volumetric segmentation of target lesions was performed on dual imaging to assess the accuracy of predicting tumour necrosis after TACE in the whole cohort and at pathology in the LT group. Predicted percentage tumour necrosis is defined as 100 % - (%baseline MRI enhancement - %CT oil deposition). Results Mean predicted tumour necrosis by dual imaging modalities was 61.5 % ± 31.6%; mean percentage tumour necrosis on follow-up MRI was 63.8 % ± 31.5 %. In the LT group, mean predicted tumour necrosis by dual imaging modalities was 77.6 % ± 27.2 %; mean percentage necrosis at pathology was 78.7 % ± 31.5 %. There was a strong significant correlation between predicted tumour necrosis and volumetric necrosis on MRI follow-up (r = 0.889, p<0.001) and between predicted tumour necrosis and pathological necrosis (r = 0.871, p<0.001). Conclusion Volumetric pre-TACE enhancement on MRI and post-TACE oil deposition in CT may accurately predict necrosis in treated
European Radiology – Springer Journals
Published: Jan 30, 2018
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