The single-, two- and multi-particle dispersions in isotropic turbulent flows are investigated using the direct numerical simulation (DNS), filtered DNS (FDNS) and large-eddy simulation (LES) with a spectral eddy viscosity subgrid scale (SGS) model. The contributions of filtering operation and SGS model to the dispersions are separately studied by comparing the statistics obtained from the three methods. The missing SGS motions in LES can be observed to significantly hinder two-particle and four-particle dispersions if the initial separations are less than or comparable to the filter width. A theoretical analysis of the non-monotonic behavior at short time of the one-time, two-point Lagrangian velocity correlation functions with large initial separations based on the Taylor expansion and the Kolmogorov similarity theory is derived, and the Reynolds number effect on the performance of the spectral eddy viscosity SGS model is also investigated. The results show that the SGS model used performs better with increasing Reynolds numbers. It is concluded that the particle SGS model is needed to be developed to correctly capture the Lagrangian two- and multi-point dispersion statistics of fluid particles.
Acta Mechanica – Springer Journals
Published: Jun 3, 2017
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