Air-coupled ultrasound and electrical impedance spectroscopy are non-destructive measurement methods, which can be used, for example for quality assessment of sawn timber. Both methods may be used in through-transmission and one-sided reflection mode to measure internal properties and detect defects in wood materials. The ultrasound method is based on mechanical waves and is mainly affected by the mechanical properties of wood. Density affects both methods, and the electrical impedance method is especially affected by moisture content and the chemical properties of wood. In this study, the relations between the methods and the bending properties of air dried and modified aspen (Populus tremula L.) specimens were examined. The modification method was a combination of compression and thermal modification. According to the study, electrical impedance spectroscopy combined with air-coupled ultrasound measured across the grain is a potential non-destructive technique for the strength estimation of aspen wood.
European Journal of Wood and Wood Products – Springer Journals
Published: Dec 8, 2016
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