P1: VENDER/LMD/GGN P2: GCR/GEE/GDP/GCY Tally: GDP/FOM/FTK/FNV QC:
Sex Roles [sers] PP147-302431 May 4, 2001 8:30 Style ﬁle version Nov. 19th, 1999
Sex Roles, Vol. 44, Nos. 1/2, 2001
Predicting Dysphoria and Relationship Adjustment:
Gender Differences in Their Longitudinal
Anna L. Remen
Duke University Medical Center
Dianne L. Chambless
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Gender differences were explored in the longitudinal association between re-
lationship satisfaction and dysphoria in 145 dating college students attending
a large public university. Of the participants, 80% were Caucasian, 14% were
African American, 3% were Asian, and 3% represented other racial/ethnic
groups. Based upon a previous longitudinal investigation (F. D. Fincham,
S. R. H. Beach, G. T. Harold, & L. N. Osborne, 1997) and recent theoretical
explanations for the gender difference in depression, it was hypothesized that
initial relationship satisfaction would predict later dysphoria in women but not
in men. Conversely, it was predicted that initial dysphoria would be predictive
of later relationship satisfaction for men but not women. Hypotheses were
tested using hierarchical multiple regression analyses in which initial levels
of the predicted variables were controlled. Whereas results supported the ﬁrst
hypothesis, initial dysphoria was predictive of later relationship adjustment
for both men and women.
For over two decades, studies have documented a robust association between
depressive symptoms and relationship functioning. For example, in a study
of couples who presented for treatment of marital problems, approximately
50% were composed of at least one spouse who was clinically depressed
This work was based on the ﬁrst author’s dissertation.
Present address: Department of Psychiatry, State University of New York Upstate Medical
University, Syracuse, NY.
To whom correspondence should be addressed at Dianne Chambless, Department of Psychol-
ogy, UNC-CH, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599-3270; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org.
2001 Plenum Publishing Corporation