Predator, prey and humans in a mountainous area: loss of biological diversity leads to trouble

Predator, prey and humans in a mountainous area: loss of biological diversity leads to trouble Biodivers Conserv https://doi.org/10.1007/s10531-018-1570-6 ORIGINAL PAPER Predator, prey and humans in a mountainous area: loss of biological diversity leads to trouble 1,2 1,3 4 1 U. Khan  · S. Lovari  · S. Ali Shah  · F. Ferretti Received: 10 September 2017 / Revised: 10 May 2018 / Accepted: 24 May 2018 © Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018 Abstract Large carnivore-human coexistence is a challenging issue in wildlife conser- vation worldwide. An adequate and diverse prey spectrum favours carnivore persistence. Prey depletion and habitat loss elicit conflict with humans and require sound conservation measures. We evaluated the conflict between common leopards and humans in a densely populated Himalayan forest area of Pakistan. In two decades, the local forests decreased at an average rate of 65.5  ha/year (6.6%), with a concomitant increase in areas covered by human settlements (81.5%) and agricultural lands (15.4%). Ranging movements of a GPS/GSM-radiotagged male leopard over 16 months encompassed an area inhabited by c. 124,000 people. Livestock dominated the leopard’s diet (absolute frequency of occurrence: 80%), while wild ungulates were rarely eaten (absolute occurrence: 22%). Domestic goats were the most frequent diet item (61%), followed by domestic dogs (12%) and Bos spp. (6%). Wild prey included canids, small carnivores, rhesus monkeys, small mammals and http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Biodiversity and Conservation Springer Journals

Predator, prey and humans in a mountainous area: loss of biological diversity leads to trouble

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Publisher
Springer Netherlands
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature
Subject
Life Sciences; Biodiversity; Ecology; Conservation Biology/Ecology; Climate Change/Climate Change Impacts
ISSN
0960-3115
eISSN
1572-9710
D.O.I.
10.1007/s10531-018-1570-6
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Biodivers Conserv https://doi.org/10.1007/s10531-018-1570-6 ORIGINAL PAPER Predator, prey and humans in a mountainous area: loss of biological diversity leads to trouble 1,2 1,3 4 1 U. Khan  · S. Lovari  · S. Ali Shah  · F. Ferretti Received: 10 September 2017 / Revised: 10 May 2018 / Accepted: 24 May 2018 © Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018 Abstract Large carnivore-human coexistence is a challenging issue in wildlife conser- vation worldwide. An adequate and diverse prey spectrum favours carnivore persistence. Prey depletion and habitat loss elicit conflict with humans and require sound conservation measures. We evaluated the conflict between common leopards and humans in a densely populated Himalayan forest area of Pakistan. In two decades, the local forests decreased at an average rate of 65.5  ha/year (6.6%), with a concomitant increase in areas covered by human settlements (81.5%) and agricultural lands (15.4%). Ranging movements of a GPS/GSM-radiotagged male leopard over 16 months encompassed an area inhabited by c. 124,000 people. Livestock dominated the leopard’s diet (absolute frequency of occurrence: 80%), while wild ungulates were rarely eaten (absolute occurrence: 22%). Domestic goats were the most frequent diet item (61%), followed by domestic dogs (12%) and Bos spp. (6%). Wild prey included canids, small carnivores, rhesus monkeys, small mammals and

Journal

Biodiversity and ConservationSpringer Journals

Published: Jun 4, 2018

References

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