Keywords Bi-reforming · Biogas · Syngas · Synthetic fuels 1 Introduction Growing energy demands, coupled with the eventual deple- Electronic supplementary material The online version of this tion of the fossil fuels, necessitate the need for alternative article (https ://doi.org/10.1007/s1056 2-018-2310-y) contains fuels. Processes such as Fischer–Tropsch Synthesis (FTS) supplementary material, which is available to authorized users. produce high value long chain hydrocarbons such as die- * John N. Kuhn sel and jet fuel. However, FTS and other processes such as email@example.com methanol synthesis, require a feed mixture of H and CO (syngas) in a 2:1 ratio. Syngas can be obtained from a vari- Department of Chemical & Biomedical Engineering, ety of carbon-based sources such as natural gas (mainly University of South Florida, Tampa, FL 33620, USA Vol.:(0123456789) 1 3 1004 N. H. Elsayed et al. CH ) and biomass including biogas (mainly CH and C O ). on a ceria–zirconia oxide support [20, 21]. Although 4 4 2 In addition, biogas produced by the anaerobic digestion of the reforming temperature for 10% conversion was low- municipal solid waste (MSW), called landl fi l gas (LFG), can ered significantly (T = 454 °C), the H :CO ratios were be a carbon–neutral energy source. According to the EPA
Catalysis Letters – Springer Journals
Published: Feb 2, 2018
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