On the basis of the generalization of the concept of “standard” ocean to the Black Sea, we deduce practical formulas for the conversion of pressure into depth and vice versa depending on the latitude of the place with regard for the equation of state for 1980. The error of these relations for the “standard” Black Sea (whose salinity is equal to 22.2 at a temperature of +9°C from the surface to the bottom) does not exceed ±0.2 m and ±0.2 dbar. The difference between the “practical” and actual depths in winter and summer periods does not exceed ±0.35 m for depths varying within range 0–2000 m. The proposed practical formulas enable one to simplify the procedure of rapid evaluation of depth (or pressure) in real time by excluding the procedure of integration over a specific volume.
Physical Oceanography – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 21, 2004
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