SOPHIA https://doi.org/10.1007/s11841-018-0654-9 William A. Bauer Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018 Abstract If the universe and God are identical, as pantheism holds, how can we reconcile the supposed unity of God with the apparent dis-unity of the universe’s elements? I argue that a powers ontology, which generates a form of pantheism under plausible assumptions, is apt to solve the problem of unity. There is reason to think that the directedness of powers is equivalent to the directedness, or intentionality, of mental states. This implies that intentionality is a feature of the physical world at large, not just the mind. As Pfeifer (2016) argues, this physical intentionality represents a mild form of panpsychism that is interpretable as a brand of pantheism. I argue that the theory of powers holism (Mumford 2004; Williams 2010) explains the unity of the universe’s elements and thus the unity of a pantheistic God, and that powers holism is strength- ened by fully recognizing the role of physical intentionality. . . . . . . Keywords Dispositions Holism Intentionality Panpsychism Pantheism Powers Unity Introduction On classical theist conceptions, God is inherently unified—there is no problem explaining God’s unity. On pantheism, however, it is
Sophia – Springer Journals
Published: May 30, 2018
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