Potential lung carcinogenicity induced by chronic exposure to PM2.5 in the rat

Potential lung carcinogenicity induced by chronic exposure to PM2.5 in the rat Exposure to fine particulate matter (PM2.5) may increase lung cancer risk, but the underlying mechanisms are poorly understood. This study explored the potential carcinogenicity in rat lung induced by chronic exposure to PM2.5. Adult male rats (200–220 g) were treated with PM2.5 (10 mg/kg body weight) by tracheal perfusion once per week for 1 year; the rats were killed, and expression of tumor markers (carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), neuron-specific enolase (NSE), squamous cell carcinoma antigen (SCCA)), cancer-related genes, and pathological changes were detected. Chronic treatment with PM2.5 significantly increased SCCA and NSE expression in rat lung tissue and serum. Damaged lung tissue structure was observed by hematoxylin and eosin staining. Although no evidence of tumors was detected, the Wnt/β-catenin signaling, epithelial–mesenchymal transition, vascular endothelial growth factor, and epidermal growth factor receptor pathways were all activated or overexpressed and likely involved in the potential carcinogenicity in the rat model. Additionally, abnormal expression of the proto-oncogenes c-Myc and K-Ras and tumor suppressor p53 can be seen in lung tissue induced by PM2.5 exposure. Chronic exposure to PM2.5 has the potential to be carcinogenic in rat lung. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Environmental Science and Pollution Research Springer Journals

Potential lung carcinogenicity induced by chronic exposure to PM2.5 in the rat

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/potential-lung-carcinogenicity-induced-by-chronic-exposure-to-pm2-5-in-4RFF2fdzmb
Publisher
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 by Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany
Subject
Environment; Environment, general; Environmental Chemistry; Ecotoxicology; Environmental Health; Atmospheric Protection/Air Quality Control/Air Pollution; Waste Water Technology / Water Pollution Control / Water Management / Aquatic Pollution
ISSN
0944-1344
eISSN
1614-7499
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11356-017-9430-6
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Exposure to fine particulate matter (PM2.5) may increase lung cancer risk, but the underlying mechanisms are poorly understood. This study explored the potential carcinogenicity in rat lung induced by chronic exposure to PM2.5. Adult male rats (200–220 g) were treated with PM2.5 (10 mg/kg body weight) by tracheal perfusion once per week for 1 year; the rats were killed, and expression of tumor markers (carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), neuron-specific enolase (NSE), squamous cell carcinoma antigen (SCCA)), cancer-related genes, and pathological changes were detected. Chronic treatment with PM2.5 significantly increased SCCA and NSE expression in rat lung tissue and serum. Damaged lung tissue structure was observed by hematoxylin and eosin staining. Although no evidence of tumors was detected, the Wnt/β-catenin signaling, epithelial–mesenchymal transition, vascular endothelial growth factor, and epidermal growth factor receptor pathways were all activated or overexpressed and likely involved in the potential carcinogenicity in the rat model. Additionally, abnormal expression of the proto-oncogenes c-Myc and K-Ras and tumor suppressor p53 can be seen in lung tissue induced by PM2.5 exposure. Chronic exposure to PM2.5 has the potential to be carcinogenic in rat lung.

Journal

Environmental Science and Pollution ResearchSpringer Journals

Published: Jun 28, 2017

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off