Postural Sway and Clinical Characteristics in Patients with Psychotic Disorders: A Review

Postural Sway and Clinical Characteristics in Patients with Psychotic Disorders: A Review Postural instability is a feature that is frequently observed in patients with psychotic disorders. Previous studies applied rating scales or behavioral test to assess postural instabilities. Recently, a pressure-sensitive platform has been used to study detailed characteristics of postural sway and regulation. However, characteristics of posturography indices in patients with psychotic disorders have not been well documented. To integrate the findings from studies that assessed postural sway using posturography in patients with psychotic disorders, we conducted a systematic review. Following database literature search, we identified nine eligible articles. Assessment conditions and indices of postural stability varied between studies. Postural control was associated with negative and general psychopathology in two studies. Two studies reported associations between posturographic variables and medication dose, whereas four studies reported no associations. This review identified the need to develop standards to assess postural sway in patients with psychiatric disorders. Further studies need to report associations between postural sway and confounding factors. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Psychiatric Quarterly Springer Journals

Postural Sway and Clinical Characteristics in Patients with Psychotic Disorders: A Review

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2015 by Springer Science+Business Media New York
Subject
Medicine & Public Health; Psychiatry; Public Health; Sociology, general
ISSN
0033-2720
eISSN
1573-6709
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11126-015-9355-5
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Postural instability is a feature that is frequently observed in patients with psychotic disorders. Previous studies applied rating scales or behavioral test to assess postural instabilities. Recently, a pressure-sensitive platform has been used to study detailed characteristics of postural sway and regulation. However, characteristics of posturography indices in patients with psychotic disorders have not been well documented. To integrate the findings from studies that assessed postural sway using posturography in patients with psychotic disorders, we conducted a systematic review. Following database literature search, we identified nine eligible articles. Assessment conditions and indices of postural stability varied between studies. Postural control was associated with negative and general psychopathology in two studies. Two studies reported associations between posturographic variables and medication dose, whereas four studies reported no associations. This review identified the need to develop standards to assess postural sway in patients with psychiatric disorders. Further studies need to report associations between postural sway and confounding factors.

Journal

Psychiatric QuarterlySpringer Journals

Published: Mar 20, 2015

References

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