This study examines the effect of a history of childhood maltreatment (CM) on parenting sense of competence, taking into account the influence of resilience and postpartum depressive symptoms as moderators of this relationship. Participants (N =131) were a community sample of women recruited into a larger study of maternal childhood maltreatment. Women completed questionnaires over the phone at 4 months postpartum and parenting sense of competence (PSOC) was assessed during a home visit at 6 months postpartum. A three-way interaction emerged; women with low depression and high resilience factors maintained high levels of PSOC, even when they had a CM history. In contrast, among women with one postpartum risk factor (depression or low resilience) CM was associated with decreased PSOC. Results suggest that a mother’s well-being postpartum moderates the effect of a childhood maltreatment history on her parenting sense of competence. Reducing postpartum depressive symptoms and enhancing resilience may be important components for interventions that address parenting confidence with maltreated women. . . . Keywords Childhood maltreatment Parenting competence Depression Resilience Introduction Moehler et al. 2007; Roberts et al. 2004; Schuetz and Eiden 2005). Parenting behaviors are informed by women’s mental states regarding parenting, that is, the Childhood maltreatment
Archives of Women's Mental Health – Springer Journals
Published: Jun 2, 2018
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