Postnatal Expression of an Apamin-Sensitive K(Ca) Current in Vestibular Calyx Terminals

Postnatal Expression of an Apamin-Sensitive K(Ca) Current in Vestibular Calyx Terminals Afferent innervation patterns in the vestibular periphery are complex, and vestibular afferents show a large variation in their regularity of firing. Calyx fibers terminate on type I vestibular hair cells and have firing characteristics distinct from the bouton fibers that innervate type II hair cells. Whole-cell patch clamp was used to investigate ionic currents that could influence firing patterns in calyx terminals. Underlying K(Ca) conductances have been described in vestibular ganglion cells, but their presence in afferent terminals has not been investigated previously. Apamin, a selective blocker of SK-type calcium-activated K+ channels, was tested on calyx afferent terminals isolated from gerbil semicircular canals during postnatal days 1–50. Lowering extracellular calcium or application of apamin (20–500 nM) reduced slowly activating outward currents in voltage clamp. Apamin also reduced the action potential afterhyperpolarization (AHP) in whole-cell current clamp, but only after the first two postnatal weeks. K+ channel expression increased during the first postnatal month, and SK channels were found to contribute to the AHP, which may in turn influence discharge regularity in calyx vestibular afferents. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png The Journal of Membrane Biology Springer Journals

Postnatal Expression of an Apamin-Sensitive K(Ca) Current in Vestibular Calyx Terminals

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/postnatal-expression-of-an-apamin-sensitive-k-ca-current-in-vestibular-SIkOMKXKAk
Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Copyright
Copyright © 2011 by Springer Science+Business Media, LLC
Subject
Life Sciences; Human Physiology; Biochemistry, general
ISSN
0022-2631
eISSN
1432-1424
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00232-011-9400-8
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Afferent innervation patterns in the vestibular periphery are complex, and vestibular afferents show a large variation in their regularity of firing. Calyx fibers terminate on type I vestibular hair cells and have firing characteristics distinct from the bouton fibers that innervate type II hair cells. Whole-cell patch clamp was used to investigate ionic currents that could influence firing patterns in calyx terminals. Underlying K(Ca) conductances have been described in vestibular ganglion cells, but their presence in afferent terminals has not been investigated previously. Apamin, a selective blocker of SK-type calcium-activated K+ channels, was tested on calyx afferent terminals isolated from gerbil semicircular canals during postnatal days 1–50. Lowering extracellular calcium or application of apamin (20–500 nM) reduced slowly activating outward currents in voltage clamp. Apamin also reduced the action potential afterhyperpolarization (AHP) in whole-cell current clamp, but only after the first two postnatal weeks. K+ channel expression increased during the first postnatal month, and SK channels were found to contribute to the AHP, which may in turn influence discharge regularity in calyx vestibular afferents.

Journal

The Journal of Membrane BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Nov 5, 2011

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off