Post-translational regulation of rotavirus protein NSP1 expression in mammalian cells

Post-translational regulation of rotavirus protein NSP1 expression in mammalian cells The nonstructural rotavirus protein NSP1 binds specifically to viral mRNAs and to interferon regulatory factor 3 (IRF3), inducing IRF3 degradation through a proteasome-dependent pathway. By using a vaccinia virus expression system in mammalian cells, we found that the yield of NSP1 was 8- and 13-fold lower than the viral proteins VP2 or NSP3, respectively; while in the presence of proteasome inhibitors such difference could be reduced to 2- to 2.5-fold, respectively. The susceptibility of NSP1 to proteasome degradation was fully reversed in a dose-dependent manner by transfection with the full complement of 11 molecules of translation-competent rotavirus mRNAs, but this effect was abrogated by the protein synthesis inhibitor cycloheximide. These results demonstrate that NSP1 is degraded through a proteasome-dependent pathway, and viral proteins, alone or in combination with viral mRNAs, interfere with such degradation. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Virology Springer Journals

Post-translational regulation of rotavirus protein NSP1 expression in mammalian cells

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2007 by Springer-Verlag
Subject
Biomedicine; Medical Microbiology; Virology; Infectious Diseases
ISSN
0304-8608
eISSN
1432-8798
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00705-006-0850-8
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The nonstructural rotavirus protein NSP1 binds specifically to viral mRNAs and to interferon regulatory factor 3 (IRF3), inducing IRF3 degradation through a proteasome-dependent pathway. By using a vaccinia virus expression system in mammalian cells, we found that the yield of NSP1 was 8- and 13-fold lower than the viral proteins VP2 or NSP3, respectively; while in the presence of proteasome inhibitors such difference could be reduced to 2- to 2.5-fold, respectively. The susceptibility of NSP1 to proteasome degradation was fully reversed in a dose-dependent manner by transfection with the full complement of 11 molecules of translation-competent rotavirus mRNAs, but this effect was abrogated by the protein synthesis inhibitor cycloheximide. These results demonstrate that NSP1 is degraded through a proteasome-dependent pathway, and viral proteins, alone or in combination with viral mRNAs, interfere with such degradation.

Journal

Archives of VirologySpringer Journals

Published: Feb 1, 2007

References

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