Possible Participation of Active Oxygen Species in the Induction of Cyanide-Resistant Pathway at the Initial Senescence of Tobacco Callus

Possible Participation of Active Oxygen Species in the Induction of Cyanide-Resistant Pathway at... Changes in active oxygen species (AOS) and respiration, with special reference to the alternative pathway of respiration, were followed in callus of tobacco (Nicotiana rusticaL.) during its growth and senescence. Two peaks of the total respiration rate were observed: the first one appeared on day 11, and the second one on day 19 (in senescing callus). H2O2and O– 2contents increased gradually and reached the greatest values when callus senescence initiated (by day 11 and day 15, respectively), and then declined. The peaks of H2O2and O– 2before the onset of senescence coincided with the peaks of capacity V altand activity ρV altof alternative pathway, respectively. After the onset of senescence, ·OH accumulated abundantly and maintained at a relatively high level from then on, accompanied by the decrease in both V altand ρV alt. The conclusion is that these three active oxygen species operated coordinately to regulate the alternative pathway during growth and senescence of tobacco callus, as confirmed by the callus treatments with AOS scavengers, exogenous ·OH, and inhibitors of antioxidant enzymes. The possibility of AOS-induced alternative pathway respiration at the initial senescence of tobacco callus is discussed. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian Journal of Plant Physiology Springer Journals

Possible Participation of Active Oxygen Species in the Induction of Cyanide-Resistant Pathway at the Initial Senescence of Tobacco Callus

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2001 by MAIK “Nauka/Interperiodica”
Subject
Life Sciences; Plant Sciences
ISSN
1021-4437
eISSN
1608-3407
D.O.I.
10.1023/A:1016795600173
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Changes in active oxygen species (AOS) and respiration, with special reference to the alternative pathway of respiration, were followed in callus of tobacco (Nicotiana rusticaL.) during its growth and senescence. Two peaks of the total respiration rate were observed: the first one appeared on day 11, and the second one on day 19 (in senescing callus). H2O2and O– 2contents increased gradually and reached the greatest values when callus senescence initiated (by day 11 and day 15, respectively), and then declined. The peaks of H2O2and O– 2before the onset of senescence coincided with the peaks of capacity V altand activity ρV altof alternative pathway, respectively. After the onset of senescence, ·OH accumulated abundantly and maintained at a relatively high level from then on, accompanied by the decrease in both V altand ρV alt. The conclusion is that these three active oxygen species operated coordinately to regulate the alternative pathway during growth and senescence of tobacco callus, as confirmed by the callus treatments with AOS scavengers, exogenous ·OH, and inhibitors of antioxidant enzymes. The possibility of AOS-induced alternative pathway respiration at the initial senescence of tobacco callus is discussed.

Journal

Russian Journal of Plant PhysiologySpringer Journals

Published: Oct 10, 2004

References

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