Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus modulates apoptosis during replication in alveolar macrophages

Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus modulates apoptosis during replication in... Different viruses have evolved strategies that inhibit apoptosis of the host cell early in infection and/or induce apoptosis in the host cell late in infection. In this study, it was investigated if and when porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) modulates apoptosis in PRRSV-infected macrophages. The PRRSV replication cycle in macrophages was completed within 12 h post-inoculation (hpi). PRRSV-infected macrophages, treated with staurosporine at 4, 5, 6 and 8 hpi, were significantly protected against staurosporine-induced apoptosis, but PRRSV-infected macrophages, treated with staurosporine at 12 hpi, were not. In contrast, starting from 12 hpi, all PRRSV-infected macrophages died by caspase-dependent apoptosis, which culminated in secondary necrosis. Treatment of PRRSV-infected macrophages with Z-Val-DL-Asp-fluoromethylketone indicated that apoptosis late in infection was not essential for efficient virus release. Anti- and pro-apoptotic activities were also observed in PRRSV-infected Marc-145 cells. In conclusion, this study shows that PRRSV stimulates anti-apoptotic pathways in macrophages early in infection and that PRRSV-infected macrophages die by apoptosis late in infection. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Virology Springer Journals

Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus modulates apoptosis during replication in alveolar macrophages

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2008 by Springer-Verlag
Subject
Biomedicine; Infectious Diseases; Medical Microbiology ; Virology
ISSN
0304-8608
eISSN
1432-8798
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00705-008-0135-5
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Different viruses have evolved strategies that inhibit apoptosis of the host cell early in infection and/or induce apoptosis in the host cell late in infection. In this study, it was investigated if and when porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) modulates apoptosis in PRRSV-infected macrophages. The PRRSV replication cycle in macrophages was completed within 12 h post-inoculation (hpi). PRRSV-infected macrophages, treated with staurosporine at 4, 5, 6 and 8 hpi, were significantly protected against staurosporine-induced apoptosis, but PRRSV-infected macrophages, treated with staurosporine at 12 hpi, were not. In contrast, starting from 12 hpi, all PRRSV-infected macrophages died by caspase-dependent apoptosis, which culminated in secondary necrosis. Treatment of PRRSV-infected macrophages with Z-Val-DL-Asp-fluoromethylketone indicated that apoptosis late in infection was not essential for efficient virus release. Anti- and pro-apoptotic activities were also observed in PRRSV-infected Marc-145 cells. In conclusion, this study shows that PRRSV stimulates anti-apoptotic pathways in macrophages early in infection and that PRRSV-infected macrophages die by apoptosis late in infection.

Journal

Archives of VirologySpringer Journals

Published: Aug 1, 2008

References

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