Population dynamics of a scrapie outbreak

Population dynamics of a scrapie outbreak A detailed analysis of a scrapie outbreak in a flock of Cheviot sheep is described. A total of 33 cases of 1473 sheep born to the flock were reported between 1985 and 1994. The epidemiology of scrapie can only be understood with reference to sheep demography, the population genetics of susceptibility to scrapie, pathogenesis during a long incubation period, and the rate of transmission (by both horizontal and vertical routes), all of which interact in complex ways. In recent work a mathematical model incorporating these elements was developed and successfully reproduced key features of an earlier outbreak of scrapie in this flock. Here an application of the model to the second outbreak is described. The model accurately reproduces observed allele frequencies and total numbers of susceptible animals remaining at the end of the outbreak. A major difference between the two outbreaks is the very much lower force of infection in the second outbreak. This provided additional information which suggested two ways in which our existing assumptions be refined; firstly, older animals have reduced susceptibility to scrapie and secondly, homozygous and heterozygous susceptibles have different incubation periods. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Virology Springer Journals

Population dynamics of a scrapie outbreak

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/population-dynamics-of-a-scrapie-outbreak-lOd9SQp0Y2
Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Copyright
Copyright © 2001 by Springer-Verlag/Wien
Subject
Legacy
ISSN
0304-8608
eISSN
1432-8798
D.O.I.
10.1007/s007050170113
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

A detailed analysis of a scrapie outbreak in a flock of Cheviot sheep is described. A total of 33 cases of 1473 sheep born to the flock were reported between 1985 and 1994. The epidemiology of scrapie can only be understood with reference to sheep demography, the population genetics of susceptibility to scrapie, pathogenesis during a long incubation period, and the rate of transmission (by both horizontal and vertical routes), all of which interact in complex ways. In recent work a mathematical model incorporating these elements was developed and successfully reproduced key features of an earlier outbreak of scrapie in this flock. Here an application of the model to the second outbreak is described. The model accurately reproduces observed allele frequencies and total numbers of susceptible animals remaining at the end of the outbreak. A major difference between the two outbreaks is the very much lower force of infection in the second outbreak. This provided additional information which suggested two ways in which our existing assumptions be refined; firstly, older animals have reduced susceptibility to scrapie and secondly, homozygous and heterozygous susceptibles have different incubation periods.

Journal

Archives of VirologySpringer Journals

Published: Jun 1, 2001

There are no references for this article.

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve Freelancer

DeepDyve Pro

Price
FREE
$49/month

$360/year
Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed
Create lists to
organize your research
Export lists, citations
Read DeepDyve articles
Abstract access only
Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles
Print
20 pages/month
PDF Discount
20% off