Popova, A.A., Anodnoe Povedenie Perekhodnykh Metallov v Vodnykh i Organicheskikh Sredakh (Anodic Behavior of Transition Metals in Aqueous and Organic Media)

Popova, A.A., Anodnoe Povedenie Perekhodnykh Metallov v Vodnykh i Organicheskikh Sredakh (Anodic... ISSN 1070-4272, Russian Journal of Applied Chemistry, 2008, Vol. 81, No. 2, p. 337. Pleiades Publishing, Ltd., 2008. Original Russian Text A.G. Morachevskii, M.S. Kokhatskaya, 2008, published in Zhurnal Prikladnoi Khimii, 2008, Vol. 81, No. 2, p. 348. BOOK REVIEWS Popova, A.A., Anodnoe Povedenie Perekhodnykh Metallov v Vodnykh i Organicheskikh Sredakh (Anodic Behavior of Transition Metals in Aqueous and Organic Media), Rostov-on-Don: Izd. SKNTs VSh, 2006, 184 pp. DOI: 10.1134/S1070427208020377 The monograph by A.A. Popova summarizes and about the problem discussed. The bibliographic list analyzes the results of numerous studies of the anodic (pp. 156 183) is, indeed, rather spacious, with 503 behavior of a large group of metals, mostly in aque- references included. Unfortunately, the article titles ous organic and organic media. Special attention in are not presented, which somewhat reduces the infor- the presentation of the material is given to the in- mation value of the list. fluence of complexation in solutions on the anodic There is no escape from mentioning the shortcom- behavior of metals and formation of anodic films. ings of the book, which are, in our opinion, due to The book comprises an introduction, four chapters, two main reasons, lack of author’s standpoint con- conclusion, and a bibliographic list for the monograph cerning the problems discussed and attempt to cover as a whole. a too wide variety of issues. In fact, the monograph The brief introduction (pp. 5, 6) substantiates is a review of published information within rather the topicality of the issues considered in the mono- uncertain limits. There are no sufficient interrelations graph and notes the importance of the influence ex- between the chapters and between sections within erted by the type and properties of an electrolyte the chapters. Separate publications are taken and on anodic processes and on the formation and nature an attempt is made to present their essence in an as of the films formed. The first chapter (pp. 7 34) con- brief manner as possible. What is the relationship siders the fundamental aspects of the anodic behavior between the phenomena of anodic dissolution, pas- of metals passivated in aqueous-organic and organic sivity, and entropy of the double layer. This is dif- media. The thermodynamic characteristics of the oc- ficult to understand from the text in pp. 103 109. curring processes, role of water in anodic reactions, There are numerous minor defects of presentation, and effect of anions on the anodic behavior of transi- which hinder the understanding of the material, both tion metals are discussed. in the text and in the figure design. There is no such notion as activity coefficient of the medium (p. 7). The second chapter (pp. 35 69) is devoted to the effect of complexation in solutions on the pro- The term free energy was many years ago replaced cesses occurring in anodic polarization of metals. in the world literature with the term Gibbs energy. A section of the chapter contains evidence about ap- What is the terminological difference between the heat plication of chromatographic methods to determine ( H ) of the sorption process (Figs. 2.4, 2.5) and transition metal ions in organic and mixed media. heat of adsorption (Q) (Figs. 2.6, 2.7). In Table 2.2, The third chapter (pp. 70 121) discusses a whole the symbol H already designates the differential group of issues related to the nature of processes that molar energy of sorption. The least attention is given occur on the surface of passivable metals, structure by the book to electrochemical processes: anodic dis- of the double layer, and formation of the metal elec- solution and transition to the passive state. Anodic trolyte interface. polarization curves are shown only in a single figure (Fig. 1.3). The fourth chapter (pp. 122 154) includes mate- rial about the passive state of transition metals and The author should have taken as an example of the structure of oxide films on these metals. Also, a book devoted to a similar problem the monograph some data obtained in studies of the semiconducting by B.N. Kabakov Elektrokhimiya metallov i adsorb- properties of anodic films are presented. In the con- tsiya (Electrochemistry of Metals and Adsorption, clusion (p. 155), the authors express hope that the mo- Moscow: Nauka, 1966, 222 pp.). Published 40 years nograph offered to readers’ attention and based on ago, this book still retains its scientific value. a vast body of processed information sources will make up for the deficiency of review information A. G. Morachevskii and M. S. Kokhatskaya http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian Journal of Applied Chemistry Springer Journals

Popova, A.A., Anodnoe Povedenie Perekhodnykh Metallov v Vodnykh i Organicheskikh Sredakh (Anodic Behavior of Transition Metals in Aqueous and Organic Media)

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SP MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica
Copyright © 2008 by Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.
Chemistry; Industrial Chemistry/Chemical Engineering; Chemistry/Food Science, general
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