Evidence has emerged over the past few years that plants, like animals and fungi, employ a variety of polypeptides as tags to reversibly or irreversibly affect the function, structure, location, and/or turnover of numerous intracellular proteins. In plants, known polypeptide tags include ubiquitin, SUMO, RUB, and APG12, with the possibility of others. These modifiers are typically added post-translationally using individual sets of conjugase pathways that attach the polypeptides via an isopeptide bond to ε-lysyl amino group(s) in the targets. Often the tags can be removed subsequently by unique proteases that specifically cleave only the isopeptide bond. Examples also exist where the tag is added during translation upon fusion of the coding sequence of the tag with that of the target. Based on the number and diversity of targets, ubiquitin is the most influential modifier which mainly serves as a reusable signal for selective protein degradation by the 26S proteasome. In contrast, SUMO, RUB and APG12 become attached to a more limited number of targets and appear to have specialized functions, including roles in nuclear pore assembly/function, cell-cycle regulation, and lysosomal/vacuole trafficking, respectively. Based on their widespread occurrence in plants and their pervasive role in various biological processes, polypeptide tags likely play a prominent role in plant cell regulation.
Plant Molecular Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 16, 2004
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud