The accumulation of thermostable stress proteins during hardening was studied in etiolated seedlings of spring (cvs. Rollo, Drott, Angara-86, and Tyumenskaya-80) and winter (moderately frost-resistant cv. Bezostaya-1 and highly frost-resistant cvs. Irkutskaya ozimaya and Zalarinka) wheat using one-dimensional SDS-PAGE. Hardening was performed at 4°C for nine days. Seedling tolerance to low subzero temperatures was estimated from electrolyte leakage and seedling survival after freezing. Hardening of all wheat genotypes tested resulted in the accumulation of thermostable cold-regulated (COR) polypeptides with mol wts of 209, 196, 169, 66, 50, and 41 kD. A densitometric analysis demonstrated a close correlation between the cultivar frost tolerance and the relative content of COR proteins, which evidently indicated the protective functions of the latter. These results led us to suggest that the level of specific protective agents, thermostable high-molecular-weight COR polypeptides in particular, determines the degree of plant frost resistance within a particular plant species.
Russian Journal of Plant Physiology – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 10, 2004
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