Polymorphism of a 810-bp fragment of mitochondrial cox1 gene was studied in 15 cercariae isolates of bird schistosomes (family Schistosomatidae), which were collected in water bodies of Moscow and Moscow oblast and represented three species: Trichobilharzia szidati, T. franki, and T. regenti. A substantial predominance of AT (65.4%) was characteristic of the cox1 sequences in all three species. Rare single nucleotide substitutions determined low (0.2–0.9%) intraspecific nucleotide and amino acid sequence diversity. Haplotype diversity h was high (80–100%) in all three species, suggesting a unique character for almost all cox1 sequences in the sample. Phylogenetic trees based on the nucleotide and amino acid sequence variations were constructed to study the relationships of the three schistosome species. A high support was observed for the main branching node that reflects differentiation of the monophyletic group Trichobilharzia and species of the genera Bilharziella (B. polonica), Dendritobilharzia (D. pulverulenta), and Gigantobilharzia (G. huronensis). Based on the nucleotide substitutions and amino acid polymorphisms, two groups of isolates, which parasitize Lymnaea stagnalis (T. szidati) and snails of the group Radix (T. franki and T. regenti) respectively, were isolated in the genus Trichobilharzia. The time of divergence between the two schistosome groups infecting snails of the genera Radix and Lymnaea was calculated from the cox1 nucleotide substitution rate, which is known for Asian and Indian blood flukes from the genus Schistosoma and is 2–3% per million years on average. Divergence of the three bird schistosome species under study and divergence of the Asian species of mammalian schistosomes were almost concurrent, dating back to 2.5–3.8 Myr ago. Factors responsible for the lack of intraspecific subdivision with respect to the cox1 in bird schistosomes and the lack of separation between two species (T. franki and T. regenti) are discussed.
Russian Journal of Genetics – Springer Journals
Published: Jul 22, 2010
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera