Polymorphism of the BoLA-DRB3 gene was studied with the use of the PCR-RFLP technique in three cattle breeds (Mongolian, Kalmyk, and Yakut) representing the Bos taurus turano-mongolicus group. 35 BoLA-DRB3.2 alleles were detected in the Mongolian breed and 34 alleles in the Kalmyk breed. The frequencies of alleles in both populations are distributed rather evenly: the frequencies of the most widely represented alleles (*18, *20, and *28) in the Mongolian cattle varied from 7.75 to 8.45%. The most frequent alleles in the Kalmyk cattle were *28 (14.52%), *24 (7.26%), and *12 (6.45%). Only five alleles were identified in the Yakut cattle breed. The prevailing allele was *29 (77.3%); a relatively frequent allele was *1 (13.1%), and the remaining three alleles constituted only 9.6%. Such a low level of diversity of BoLA-DRB3 gene alleles was not observed earlier in any other cattle breed. The Mongolian and Kalmyk breeds showed a wide diversity of BoLA-DRB3 genotypes (56 and 51 genotypes, respectively) and a high level of expected heterozygosity (H e = 0.953 and 0.946, respectively). Both breeds had a deficiency of heterozygotes (Mongolian cattle: H o = 0.775, D = −0.187; Kalmyk cattle: H o = 0.708, D = −0.252). A low level of genotypic diversity for the BoLA-DRB3 locus (only seven genotypes; the frequency for the genotype *29/*29 is 71.4%) and a very low level of observed heterozygosity (H o = 0.12) were revealed in the Yakut breed. BoLA-DRB3.2 alleles associated with resistance to persistent lymphocytosis caused by the bovine leukemia virus (total frequencies 15.49 and 24.19%) and to various forms of mastitis (total frequencies 12.68 and 20.96%, respectively) were identified in the Mongolian and Kalmyk animals. In the Yakut breed, alleles associated with resistance to diseases are represented only by the BoLA-DRB3.2 allele *7 (1.2%). Thus, the Mongolian and Kalmyk cattle breeds are characterized by a wide diversity of alleles and genotypes for the BoLA-DRB3 gene. In contrast, the population of Yakut cattle from the Verkhoyanskii region of the Republic of Sakha has a poor diversity of alleles and genotypes for the BoLA-DRB3 gene and a very low level of heterozygosity, suggesting an unfavorable state of the population that is probably caused by inbreeding depression due to a long-term isolation and a small number of animals.
Russian Journal of Genetics – Springer Journals
Published: Apr 25, 2010
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