The polymorphism of mtDNA was examined in populations of Old Believers (n = 104) and Russians from Novosibirsk oblast (n = 270). Most of the haplogroups identified belonged to West Eurasian lineages. The frequencies of these haplogroups constituted 96.6% in Russians from Novosibirsk and 93.2% in Old Believers from Tyumen oblast. The populations examined were characterized by a high mtDNA diversity level (h = 0.98) compared to other population samples of Russians from Russia. Among the West Eurasian haplogroups, the most common (a frequency of more than 10%) were haplogroups H, U, J, and T, the proportion of which constituted 77.9% in Old Believers and 83.1% in Russians from Novosibirsk. The Mongoloid admixture in Russians (3.3%) and Old Believers (6.7%) was represented by haplogroups A, D, Z, and C, D, M*, respectively. Statistically significant differences (P < 0.05) were revealed between the Old Believers examined and Bosnians, Czechs, Slovenes, and Russians from the cities of Nizhny Novgorod and Tula. The data obtained confirm the earlier hypothesized influence of the Finno-Ugric component on the East Slavic populations.
Russian Journal of Genetics – Springer Journals
Published: Jun 21, 2014
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