A total of 208 mosquitoes of the Culex pipiens complex from 15 basement and terrestrial populations collected in different regions of the European part of Russia and Siberia were examined by genetic methods. Among these, two major mitotypes, M and P, were identified. These mitotypes differed by six substitutions in the 246-bp mitochondrial DNA cytochrome oxidase I gene fragment examined. Urban basement mosquitoes C. pipiens (form molestus) were characterized by the presence of mitotype M and infection with the endosymbiotic bacteria of the genus Wolbachia. Mosquitoes of the C. pipiens complex inhabiting opened biotopes harbored mitotype P, or its variety, mitotype P1, and were not infected with Wolbachia. Thus, in natural conditions marked linkage disequilibrium between cytoplasmic elements, mitochondrial DNA and Wolbachia, can be observed. Similarity of mitotypes in form molestus mosquito from different geographical localities favors the hypothesis on the common ancestry of urban mosquitoes.
Russian Journal of Genetics – Springer Journals
Published: Apr 12, 2005
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