Polyhydroxybutyrate (PHB) films nanoreinforced with hydrolyzed cellulose nanocrystals (CNC) and bacterial cellulose (BC) were prepared by solvent casting. The influence of different cellulose nanoparticles content (2, 4 and 6 wt% of CNC and 2 wt% of BC) on the PHB properties was studied. CNC nanocomposites presented good dispersion of the nanocrystals, improving transparency, mechanical and barrier properties of the PHB films. On the other hand, reduced thermal stability and mechanical properties were yielded by BC addition due to the intrinsic lower degradation temperature and higher length of the BC nanofibrils compared to CNC. Nanocomposites performance variation is mainly caused by the marked difference in nanoparticles structure. It was demonstrated that PHB–CNC films exhibited higher performance enhancement without detrimental effect of the pristine PHB properties.
Journal of Polymers and the Environment – Springer Journals
Published: Sep 24, 2016
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