Polyhydroxybutyrate-Based Nanocomposites with Cellulose Nanocrystals and Bacterial Cellulose

Polyhydroxybutyrate-Based Nanocomposites with Cellulose Nanocrystals and Bacterial Cellulose Polyhydroxybutyrate (PHB) films nanoreinforced with hydrolyzed cellulose nanocrystals (CNC) and bacterial cellulose (BC) were prepared by solvent casting. The influence of different cellulose nanoparticles content (2, 4 and 6 wt% of CNC and 2 wt% of BC) on the PHB properties was studied. CNC nanocomposites presented good dispersion of the nanocrystals, improving transparency, mechanical and barrier properties of the PHB films. On the other hand, reduced thermal stability and mechanical properties were yielded by BC addition due to the intrinsic lower degradation temperature and higher length of the BC nanofibrils compared to CNC. Nanocomposites performance variation is mainly caused by the marked difference in nanoparticles structure. It was demonstrated that PHB–CNC films exhibited higher performance enhancement without detrimental effect of the pristine PHB properties. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Polymers and the Environment Springer Journals

Polyhydroxybutyrate-Based Nanocomposites with Cellulose Nanocrystals and Bacterial Cellulose

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Publisher
Springer US
Copyright
Copyright © 2016 by Springer Science+Business Media New York
Subject
Chemistry; Polymer Sciences; Environmental Chemistry; Materials Science, general; Environmental Engineering/Biotechnology; Industrial Chemistry/Chemical Engineering
ISSN
1566-2543
eISSN
1572-8900
D.O.I.
10.1007/s10924-016-0838-8
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Polyhydroxybutyrate (PHB) films nanoreinforced with hydrolyzed cellulose nanocrystals (CNC) and bacterial cellulose (BC) were prepared by solvent casting. The influence of different cellulose nanoparticles content (2, 4 and 6 wt% of CNC and 2 wt% of BC) on the PHB properties was studied. CNC nanocomposites presented good dispersion of the nanocrystals, improving transparency, mechanical and barrier properties of the PHB films. On the other hand, reduced thermal stability and mechanical properties were yielded by BC addition due to the intrinsic lower degradation temperature and higher length of the BC nanofibrils compared to CNC. Nanocomposites performance variation is mainly caused by the marked difference in nanoparticles structure. It was demonstrated that PHB–CNC films exhibited higher performance enhancement without detrimental effect of the pristine PHB properties.

Journal

Journal of Polymers and the EnvironmentSpringer Journals

Published: Sep 24, 2016

References

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