Poliovirus induces bcl-2-independent apoptosis in the human U937 promonocytic cell line (28). Here we describe that this cell death, induced after viral infection, correlates with the modulation of the protooncoprotein Bcl-xl. Furthermore, poliovirus infection decreases the detected Bcl-xl in a U937 clone that overexpresses this protein (U937bcl-xl). Although in U937bcl-xl cells, Bcl-xl was not as highly regulated as in parental U937 cells, correlation between Bcl-xl modulation and the cleavage of poly(ADP-ribose)polymerase could be observed. Nevertheless, the induction of shutoff after infection of transfected control U937neo or U937bcl-xl clones was not significantly altered. Finally, production of new viral particles was slightly restricted in Bcl-xl-overexpressing U937 cells. Taken together, these results suggest that Bcl-xl is modulated during the induction of apoptosis in the promonocytic cell line U937 after poliovirus infection, although modulation of this protooncogene was not sufficient to modify the course of infection.
Archives of Virology – Springer Journals
Published: Nov 1, 2002
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