Helper component protease (HC-Pro) is a potyvirus-encoded multifunctional protein and a major determinant of symptom expression in a susceptible plant. Here, we show the involvement of clover yellow vein virus (ClYVV) HC-Pro in necrotic symptom expression in broad bean ( Vicia faba cv. Wase). In this host, lethal necrosis was induced by ClYVV no. 30, from which a spontaneous, mosaic-inducing mutant (MM) was obtained. Mapping with chimeric viruses between ClYVV no. 30 and MM attributed the symptom attenuation to two mutations at the HC-Pro positions 27 (threonine to isoleucine) and 193 (aspartic acid to tyrosine). Although neither mutant with the single amino acid substitution at position 27 or 193 (ClYVV/T27I or D193Y) induced the lethal necrosis, ClYVV/T27I still retained the ability to induce necrotic symptoms, but ClYVV/D193Y scarcely did so. The virus accumulation of ClYVV/D193Y was also lower than that of ClYVV no. 30. The mutations, T27I and D193Y, are located in a putative zinc finger domain and in one (N-terminal) of the two RNA binding domains, respectively, of HC-Pro. RNA-silencing suppression (RSS) activity of P1/HC-Pro in Nicotiana benthamiana was weakened by both mutations. Our results suggest a correlation between viral virulence and RSS function and the importance of the two domains in HC-Pro.
Archives of Virology – Springer Journals
Published: Jan 1, 2008
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