Point mutations in helper component protease of clover yellow vein virus are associated with the attenuation of RNA-silencing suppression activity and symptom expression in broad bean

Point mutations in helper component protease of clover yellow vein virus are associated with the... Helper component protease (HC-Pro) is a potyvirus-encoded multifunctional protein and a major determinant of symptom expression in a susceptible plant. Here, we show the involvement of clover yellow vein virus (ClYVV) HC-Pro in necrotic symptom expression in broad bean ( Vicia faba cv. Wase). In this host, lethal necrosis was induced by ClYVV no. 30, from which a spontaneous, mosaic-inducing mutant (MM) was obtained. Mapping with chimeric viruses between ClYVV no. 30 and MM attributed the symptom attenuation to two mutations at the HC-Pro positions 27 (threonine to isoleucine) and 193 (aspartic acid to tyrosine). Although neither mutant with the single amino acid substitution at position 27 or 193 (ClYVV/T27I or D193Y) induced the lethal necrosis, ClYVV/T27I still retained the ability to induce necrotic symptoms, but ClYVV/D193Y scarcely did so. The virus accumulation of ClYVV/D193Y was also lower than that of ClYVV no. 30. The mutations, T27I and D193Y, are located in a putative zinc finger domain and in one (N-terminal) of the two RNA binding domains, respectively, of HC-Pro. RNA-silencing suppression (RSS) activity of P1/HC-Pro in Nicotiana benthamiana was weakened by both mutations. Our results suggest a correlation between viral virulence and RSS function and the importance of the two domains in HC-Pro. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Virology Springer Journals

Point mutations in helper component protease of clover yellow vein virus are associated with the attenuation of RNA-silencing suppression activity and symptom expression in broad bean

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Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Copyright
Copyright © 2008 by Springer-Verlag
Subject
Biomedicine; Virology; Medical Microbiology; Infectious Diseases
ISSN
0304-8608
eISSN
1432-8798
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00705-007-1073-3
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

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