Point mutations in helper component protease of clover yellow vein virus are associated with the attenuation of RNA-silencing suppression activity and symptom expression in broad bean

Point mutations in helper component protease of clover yellow vein virus are associated with the... Helper component protease (HC-Pro) is a potyvirus-encoded multifunctional protein and a major determinant of symptom expression in a susceptible plant. Here, we show the involvement of clover yellow vein virus (ClYVV) HC-Pro in necrotic symptom expression in broad bean ( Vicia faba cv. Wase). In this host, lethal necrosis was induced by ClYVV no. 30, from which a spontaneous, mosaic-inducing mutant (MM) was obtained. Mapping with chimeric viruses between ClYVV no. 30 and MM attributed the symptom attenuation to two mutations at the HC-Pro positions 27 (threonine to isoleucine) and 193 (aspartic acid to tyrosine). Although neither mutant with the single amino acid substitution at position 27 or 193 (ClYVV/T27I or D193Y) induced the lethal necrosis, ClYVV/T27I still retained the ability to induce necrotic symptoms, but ClYVV/D193Y scarcely did so. The virus accumulation of ClYVV/D193Y was also lower than that of ClYVV no. 30. The mutations, T27I and D193Y, are located in a putative zinc finger domain and in one (N-terminal) of the two RNA binding domains, respectively, of HC-Pro. RNA-silencing suppression (RSS) activity of P1/HC-Pro in Nicotiana benthamiana was weakened by both mutations. Our results suggest a correlation between viral virulence and RSS function and the importance of the two domains in HC-Pro. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Virology Springer Journals

Point mutations in helper component protease of clover yellow vein virus are associated with the attenuation of RNA-silencing suppression activity and symptom expression in broad bean

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/point-mutations-in-helper-component-protease-of-clover-yellow-vein-P977k4kCLX
Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2008 by Springer-Verlag
Subject
Biomedicine; Virology; Medical Microbiology; Infectious Diseases
ISSN
0304-8608
eISSN
1432-8798
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00705-007-1073-3
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Helper component protease (HC-Pro) is a potyvirus-encoded multifunctional protein and a major determinant of symptom expression in a susceptible plant. Here, we show the involvement of clover yellow vein virus (ClYVV) HC-Pro in necrotic symptom expression in broad bean ( Vicia faba cv. Wase). In this host, lethal necrosis was induced by ClYVV no. 30, from which a spontaneous, mosaic-inducing mutant (MM) was obtained. Mapping with chimeric viruses between ClYVV no. 30 and MM attributed the symptom attenuation to two mutations at the HC-Pro positions 27 (threonine to isoleucine) and 193 (aspartic acid to tyrosine). Although neither mutant with the single amino acid substitution at position 27 or 193 (ClYVV/T27I or D193Y) induced the lethal necrosis, ClYVV/T27I still retained the ability to induce necrotic symptoms, but ClYVV/D193Y scarcely did so. The virus accumulation of ClYVV/D193Y was also lower than that of ClYVV no. 30. The mutations, T27I and D193Y, are located in a putative zinc finger domain and in one (N-terminal) of the two RNA binding domains, respectively, of HC-Pro. RNA-silencing suppression (RSS) activity of P1/HC-Pro in Nicotiana benthamiana was weakened by both mutations. Our results suggest a correlation between viral virulence and RSS function and the importance of the two domains in HC-Pro.

Journal

Archives of VirologySpringer Journals

Published: Jan 1, 2008

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off