The symbiotic plasmid (pSym1-32) of the highly effective Rhizobium leguminosarumbv. viceae1-32 strain was identified after the conjugal transfer of replicons carrying Tn5-mobinto the plasmidless Agrobacterium tumefaciensGm1-9023 strain. Plasmid pSym1-32 was transferred intoR. leguminosarumbv. viceaestrains Y14 (showing low effectiveness of symbiosis with Vicia villosa) and Y57 (unable to fix nitrogen). Transconjugants formed Fix+nodules on roots of V. villosaand had a highly enhanced nitrogen fixing ability, increased plant weight, and increased nitrogen accumulation compared to the recipient strains. Variation of transconjugants in symbiotic properties (accompanied by alterations in plasmid composition in some of the conjugants) was detected. Moreover, the donor strain R. leguminosarumbv. viceae1-32 was shown to be more efficient in the competitiveness and acid tolerance than the recipient Y14 strain. Both these properties were transmitted upon transfer of pSym1-32 into the recipient. Thus, plasmid pSym1-32 was shown to carry genes involved in the control of the nitrogen fixing ability, symbiotic effectiveness, competitiveness, and acid tolerance in R. leguminosarumbv. viceae.
Russian Journal of Genetics – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 16, 2004
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