This review covers the use of plasma technology relevant to the preparation of dressings for wound healing. The current state of knowledge of plasma treatments that have potential to provide enhanced functional surfaces for rapid and effective healing is summarized. Dressings that are specialized to the needs of individual cases of chronic wounds such as diabetic ulcers are a special focus. A summary of the biology of wound healing and a discussion of the various types of plasmas that are suitable for the customizing of wound dressings are given. Plasma treatment allows the surface energy and air permeability of the dressing to be controlled, to ensure optimum interaction with the wound. Plasmas also provide control over the surface chemistry and in cases where the plasma creates energetic ion bombardment, activation with long-lived radicals that can bind therapeutic molecules covalently to the surface of the dressing. Therapeutic innovations enabled by plasma treatment include the attachment of microRNA or antimicrobial peptides. Bioactive molecules that promote subsequent cell adhesion and proliferation can also be bound, leading to the recruitment of cells to the dressing that may be stem cells or patient-derived cells. The presence of a communicating cell population expressing factors promotes healing.
Biophysical Reviews – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 2, 2017
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