Plasma RNA viral load is not associated with intrapatient quasispecies heterogeneity in HIV-1 infection

Plasma RNA viral load is not associated with intrapatient quasispecies heterogeneity in HIV-1... The human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) viral set point has been associated with the rate of disease progression and with the level of HIV-specific immune response. The analysis of the possible association between viral set point and quasispecies heterogeneity has important consequences in the understanding of HIV-1 in vivo evolution. In this study, we analyzed the association between intrapatient viral diversity and RNA viral load in 16 antiretroviral therapy-naïve HIV-1-infected patients at a single time point, during the disease free period. Patients were separated into low and high viral load groups according to plasma RNA values. HIV-1 quasispecies complexity was assessed in the C2-V5 env region. The average intrapatient quasispecies heterogeneity in both groups was not significantly different (t-test, P > 0.05). However, while within the low viral load group both synonymous and non-synonymous mutations contribute to the variation observed, in the heterogeneity observed in the high viral load group there was an increase in the contribution of the non-synonymous mutations. Thus, this study show that although intrapatient quasispecies heterogeneity is not associated with viral set point in HIV-1 infection, some differences exist between the two groups in the pattern of mutation accumulation. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Virology Springer Journals

Plasma RNA viral load is not associated with intrapatient quasispecies heterogeneity in HIV-1 infection

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Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Copyright
Copyright © 2004 by Springer-Verlag/Wien
Subject
LifeSciences
ISSN
0304-8608
eISSN
1432-8798
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00705-004-0322-y
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) viral set point has been associated with the rate of disease progression and with the level of HIV-specific immune response. The analysis of the possible association between viral set point and quasispecies heterogeneity has important consequences in the understanding of HIV-1 in vivo evolution. In this study, we analyzed the association between intrapatient viral diversity and RNA viral load in 16 antiretroviral therapy-naïve HIV-1-infected patients at a single time point, during the disease free period. Patients were separated into low and high viral load groups according to plasma RNA values. HIV-1 quasispecies complexity was assessed in the C2-V5 env region. The average intrapatient quasispecies heterogeneity in both groups was not significantly different (t-test, P > 0.05). However, while within the low viral load group both synonymous and non-synonymous mutations contribute to the variation observed, in the heterogeneity observed in the high viral load group there was an increase in the contribution of the non-synonymous mutations. Thus, this study show that although intrapatient quasispecies heterogeneity is not associated with viral set point in HIV-1 infection, some differences exist between the two groups in the pattern of mutation accumulation.

Journal

Archives of VirologySpringer Journals

Published: Sep 1, 2004

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