Plant Cell Wall Is a Stumbling Stone for Molecular Biologists

Plant Cell Wall Is a Stumbling Stone for Molecular Biologists Cell wall is a key structure of the plant organism engaged in numerous functions, and plants spend enormous resources on cell wall formation. Cell wall components are the most widespread organic substances on the Earth. However important is assembling plant cell wall polysaccharides, this process has been insufficiently studied by the methods of molecular genetics; in particular, too little is known of the genes that code for the relevant enzymes (glycosyltransferases, GT). The review addresses the current situation by expounding on GT classification, describing the characteristics of enzymes that synthesize cell wall polysaccharides, and summing up the existing knowledge of already identified and putative cellulose and callose synthases and GT localized in the Golgi apparatus. The methodology for searching and characterizing new genes that participate in cell wall formation is under discussion. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian Journal of Plant Physiology Springer Journals

Plant Cell Wall Is a Stumbling Stone for Molecular Biologists

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Publisher
Nauka/Interperiodica
Copyright
Copyright © 2005 by MAIK “Nauka/Interperiodica”
Subject
Life Sciences; Plant Sciences; Plant Physiology
ISSN
1021-4437
eISSN
1608-3407
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11183-005-0059-9
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Cell wall is a key structure of the plant organism engaged in numerous functions, and plants spend enormous resources on cell wall formation. Cell wall components are the most widespread organic substances on the Earth. However important is assembling plant cell wall polysaccharides, this process has been insufficiently studied by the methods of molecular genetics; in particular, too little is known of the genes that code for the relevant enzymes (glycosyltransferases, GT). The review addresses the current situation by expounding on GT classification, describing the characteristics of enzymes that synthesize cell wall polysaccharides, and summing up the existing knowledge of already identified and putative cellulose and callose synthases and GT localized in the Golgi apparatus. The methodology for searching and characterizing new genes that participate in cell wall formation is under discussion.

Journal

Russian Journal of Plant PhysiologySpringer Journals

Published: May 19, 2005

References

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