Plant anaerobic stress as a novel trend in ecological physiology, biochemistry, and molecular biology: 2. Further development of the problem

Plant anaerobic stress as a novel trend in ecological physiology, biochemistry, and molecular... This review is a logical development of a previous publication, which summarized the main results of the early period of the systematic and active studying of hypoxic and anoxic stresses in plants. These studies laid a foundation for a new scientific discipline in biology, the investigation relevant to plant anaerobic stress. This review considers a further development of this trend when the investigations embraced a wider set of topics and the discipline acquired an international recognition. The results obtained during last decades by physiologists, biochemists, and molecular biologists engaged in the problem of plant anaerobic stress confirmed the correctness of a concept of the two principal strategies of plant adaptation to hypoxia and anoxia conditions. They are “true” tolerance manifesting at the molecular level under conditions of oxygen deficiency or its absence and “apparent” tolerance, which is realized by avoidance of anaerobiosis due to the long-distance oxygen transport. Therefore, experimental material available now is considered and discussed in this review mainly in the light of these principal notions. Especial attention is paid to the role of stress proteins, which synthesis is induced under hypoxia and anoxia. The results of these experiments confirmed earlier conclusions about the key role of energy (glycolysis and alcoholic fermentation) and carbohydrate (mobilization and utilization of reserved carbohydrates) metabolism in plant adaptation to oxygen deficiency or its absence from the environment. The phenomenon of hypoxic acclimation and its role in plant adaptation to anoxia are also considered. Along with these topics, a further development of pH-stat theory is discussed. A special attention is paid to plant strategy realized by the formation of the net of air-filled spaces (aerenchyma) and long-distance oxygen transport from aerated plant parts to those located in anaerobic environment (apparent tolerance). Among other important aspects, we consider (1) post-anaerobic plant injury by free oxygen radicals; (2) the physiological role of alternative pathways of plant adaptation (nitrate reduction and lipid synthesis); (3) the phenomenon of the adaptation syndrome in plants and possible molecular mechanisms of its realization; and (4) some biotechnological advances in the field of genetic and cell engineering used for the creation of plants more tolerant to anaerobic stress. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian Journal of Plant Physiology Springer Journals

Plant anaerobic stress as a novel trend in ecological physiology, biochemistry, and molecular biology: 2. Further development of the problem

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/plant-anaerobic-stress-as-a-novel-trend-in-ecological-physiology-MISDmc6DOM
Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2006 by MAIK “Nauka/Interperiodica”
Subject
Life Sciences; Plant Sciences; Plant Physiology
ISSN
1021-4437
eISSN
1608-3407
D.O.I.
10.1134/S102144370606001X
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

This review is a logical development of a previous publication, which summarized the main results of the early period of the systematic and active studying of hypoxic and anoxic stresses in plants. These studies laid a foundation for a new scientific discipline in biology, the investigation relevant to plant anaerobic stress. This review considers a further development of this trend when the investigations embraced a wider set of topics and the discipline acquired an international recognition. The results obtained during last decades by physiologists, biochemists, and molecular biologists engaged in the problem of plant anaerobic stress confirmed the correctness of a concept of the two principal strategies of plant adaptation to hypoxia and anoxia conditions. They are “true” tolerance manifesting at the molecular level under conditions of oxygen deficiency or its absence and “apparent” tolerance, which is realized by avoidance of anaerobiosis due to the long-distance oxygen transport. Therefore, experimental material available now is considered and discussed in this review mainly in the light of these principal notions. Especial attention is paid to the role of stress proteins, which synthesis is induced under hypoxia and anoxia. The results of these experiments confirmed earlier conclusions about the key role of energy (glycolysis and alcoholic fermentation) and carbohydrate (mobilization and utilization of reserved carbohydrates) metabolism in plant adaptation to oxygen deficiency or its absence from the environment. The phenomenon of hypoxic acclimation and its role in plant adaptation to anoxia are also considered. Along with these topics, a further development of pH-stat theory is discussed. A special attention is paid to plant strategy realized by the formation of the net of air-filled spaces (aerenchyma) and long-distance oxygen transport from aerated plant parts to those located in anaerobic environment (apparent tolerance). Among other important aspects, we consider (1) post-anaerobic plant injury by free oxygen radicals; (2) the physiological role of alternative pathways of plant adaptation (nitrate reduction and lipid synthesis); (3) the phenomenon of the adaptation syndrome in plants and possible molecular mechanisms of its realization; and (4) some biotechnological advances in the field of genetic and cell engineering used for the creation of plants more tolerant to anaerobic stress.

Journal

Russian Journal of Plant PhysiologySpringer Journals

Published: Oct 26, 2006

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off