Plant Adaptation to Oil Stress

Plant Adaptation to Oil Stress Changes in the contents of anthocyanins, ascorbic acid, and riboflavin were studied in plants growing under pollution with petroleum products along railroad tracks (Geum urbanum L., Anthriscus sylvestris L., Glecoma hederata L., Taraxacum officinalisL., Dactylis glomerata L., and Achillea millefolium L.) and in seedlings grown in soil containing 5–10% crude oil (Hordeum vulgare L., D. glomerata, Vicia sativa L., Panicum miliaceum L., and Zea mays L.). In the former case, the plants accumulated ascorbic acid and anthocyanins (on average, 2 and 5.2 times those in the norm, respectively), and riboflavin (in both reduced and oxidized forms). In the latter case oil-induced stress also proved to stimulate the accumulation of all test substances in the seedlings. The content of anthocyanins is proposed as a test parameter reflecting the degree of environmental pollution, which may be useful for prompt bioindication of pollutants in the ecological monitoring of plant communities. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian Journal of Ecology Springer Journals

Plant Adaptation to Oil Stress

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Publisher
Kluwer Academic Publishers-Plenum Publishers
Copyright
Copyright © 2004 by MAIK “Nauka/Interperiodica”
Subject
Life Sciences; Ecology
ISSN
1067-4136
eISSN
1608-3334
D.O.I.
10.1023/B:RUSE.0000040681.75339.59
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Changes in the contents of anthocyanins, ascorbic acid, and riboflavin were studied in plants growing under pollution with petroleum products along railroad tracks (Geum urbanum L., Anthriscus sylvestris L., Glecoma hederata L., Taraxacum officinalisL., Dactylis glomerata L., and Achillea millefolium L.) and in seedlings grown in soil containing 5–10% crude oil (Hordeum vulgare L., D. glomerata, Vicia sativa L., Panicum miliaceum L., and Zea mays L.). In the former case, the plants accumulated ascorbic acid and anthocyanins (on average, 2 and 5.2 times those in the norm, respectively), and riboflavin (in both reduced and oxidized forms). In the latter case oil-induced stress also proved to stimulate the accumulation of all test substances in the seedlings. The content of anthocyanins is proposed as a test parameter reflecting the degree of environmental pollution, which may be useful for prompt bioindication of pollutants in the ecological monitoring of plant communities.

Journal

Russian Journal of EcologySpringer Journals

Published: Dec 27, 2004

References

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