PIV investigation of the shear layer vortices in the near wake of a circular cylinder

PIV investigation of the shear layer vortices in the near wake of a circular cylinder Particle image velocimetry measurements are performed in the near wake of a circular cylinder at a Reynolds number of 12,500. Attention is focused on the shear layer that develops just downstream of the separation point from the cylinder surface to investigate the possible existence of a preferred spatio-temporal organization in this flow region and the possible occurrence of the vortex pairing phenomenon. Eddy structures are identified in instantaneous velocity maps in order to investigate their spatial relationships. For that purpose a vortex extraction procedure is designed, based on the wavelet transform of instantaneous maps of the swirling strength. This algorithm allows not only the detection of the vortical structures from the instantaneous velocity fields, giving access to their instantaneous location, but also the estimation of their main characteristics such as their radius, intensity and convection velocity. The vortex population detected in the shear layer is found to be of small diameter compared to that of the von Kármán vortex and of rather high intensity, in agreement with the existence of a thin shear layer. The strong flapping motion of the shear layer and its complex spatial development is also confirmed. By employing conditional analysis of the computed data and their proper scaling, the surrounding of the detected vortex cores is investigated. A preferred spatial vortex separation is detected and is shown to vary with the longitudinal distance from the origin of the shear layer, in agreement with the qualitative behavior of a turbulent plane mixing layer. Evidence of the occurrence of the vortex pairing or amalgamation mechanisms in the shear layer is also demonstrated. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Experiments in Fluids Springer Journals

PIV investigation of the shear layer vortices in the near wake of a circular cylinder

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Copyright © 2009 by Springer-Verlag
Engineering; Engineering Thermodynamics, Heat and Mass Transfer; Fluid- and Aerodynamics; Engineering Fluid Dynamics
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