Pinocytosis in the root cells of a salt-accumulating halophyte Suaeda altissima and its possible involvement in chloride transport

Pinocytosis in the root cells of a salt-accumulating halophyte Suaeda altissima and its possible... Ultrastructure of root cells in salt-accumulating halophyte Suaeda altissima (L.) Pall. was examined with transmission electron microscopy. Plants were grown hydroponically on nutrient media containing 3, 50, 250, and 500 mM NaCl. Some plants were exposed to hypersomotic salt shock by an abrupt increase in NaCl concentration from 50 to 400 mM. Growing S. altissima plants at high NaCl concentrations induced the formation of type 1 pinocytotic structures in root cells. Type 1 structures appeared as pinocytotic invaginations of two membranes, the plasmalemma and tonoplast. These invaginations into vacuoles gave rise to freely ‘floating’ multivesicular bodies (MVB) enclosed by a double membrane layer. The pinocytotic invaginations and MVB contained the plasmalemma-derived vesicles and membranes of endosome origin. The hyperosmotic salt shock led to formation of type 2 and type 3 pinocytotic structures. The type 2 structures were formed as pinocytotic invaginations of the tonoplast and gave rise to MVB in vacuoles. Unlike type 1 MVB, the type 2 MVB had only one enclosing membrane, the tonoplast. The type 3 structures appeared as the plasmalemma-derived vesicles located in the periplasmic space. The cytochemical electron-microscopy method was applied to determine the intracellular Cl− localization. This method, based on sedimentation of electron-dense AgCl granules in tissues treated with silver nitrate, showed that the pinocytotic structures of all types contain Cl− ions. The presence of Cl− in pinocytotic structures implies the involvement of these structures in Cl− transport between the apoplast, cytoplasm, and the vacuole. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian Journal of Plant Physiology Springer Journals

Pinocytosis in the root cells of a salt-accumulating halophyte Suaeda altissima and its possible involvement in chloride transport

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/pinocytosis-in-the-root-cells-of-a-salt-accumulating-halophyte-suaeda-oGTzpPwH9m
Publisher
Nauka/Interperiodica
Copyright
Copyright © 2007 by Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.
Subject
Life Sciences; Plant Physiology; Plant Sciences
ISSN
1021-4437
eISSN
1608-3407
D.O.I.
10.1134/S102144370706012X
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Ultrastructure of root cells in salt-accumulating halophyte Suaeda altissima (L.) Pall. was examined with transmission electron microscopy. Plants were grown hydroponically on nutrient media containing 3, 50, 250, and 500 mM NaCl. Some plants were exposed to hypersomotic salt shock by an abrupt increase in NaCl concentration from 50 to 400 mM. Growing S. altissima plants at high NaCl concentrations induced the formation of type 1 pinocytotic structures in root cells. Type 1 structures appeared as pinocytotic invaginations of two membranes, the plasmalemma and tonoplast. These invaginations into vacuoles gave rise to freely ‘floating’ multivesicular bodies (MVB) enclosed by a double membrane layer. The pinocytotic invaginations and MVB contained the plasmalemma-derived vesicles and membranes of endosome origin. The hyperosmotic salt shock led to formation of type 2 and type 3 pinocytotic structures. The type 2 structures were formed as pinocytotic invaginations of the tonoplast and gave rise to MVB in vacuoles. Unlike type 1 MVB, the type 2 MVB had only one enclosing membrane, the tonoplast. The type 3 structures appeared as the plasmalemma-derived vesicles located in the periplasmic space. The cytochemical electron-microscopy method was applied to determine the intracellular Cl− localization. This method, based on sedimentation of electron-dense AgCl granules in tissues treated with silver nitrate, showed that the pinocytotic structures of all types contain Cl− ions. The presence of Cl− in pinocytotic structures implies the involvement of these structures in Cl− transport between the apoplast, cytoplasm, and the vacuole.

Journal

Russian Journal of Plant PhysiologySpringer Journals

Published: Nov 7, 2007

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve Freelancer

DeepDyve Pro

Price
FREE
$49/month

$360/year
Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed
Create lists to
organize your research
Export lists, citations
Read DeepDyve articles
Abstract access only
Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles
Print
20 pages/month
PDF Discount
20% off