Quantitative and qualitative characteristics of pigment composition and gas exchange were studied in chlorophyll mutants of pea, Pisum sativum L.: chlorotica 2004 and 2014. The mutant 2004 had light-green color, whereas the mutant 2014 has yellow-green leaves and stems; they contained about 80 and 50% of chlorophyll, respectively, compared to the initial line. cv. Torsdag. Leaves of the mutant 2004 had significantly lower carotene content and accumulated more lutein and violaxanthin. In the mutant 2014, the contents of chlorophyll and all carotenoids were reduced almost proportionally. The quantum efficiency of photosynthesis was by 29–30% lower in the mutants, and it was 1.5–2 times higher in F1 hybrids, as compared to control plants. Our data allow us to conclude that the impairment of photosynthesis in the mutant 2014 is caused by the changed mesostructure of leaves, whereas in the mutant 2004, it may be caused by an impairment of photosystem reaction centers.
Russian Journal of Plant Physiology – Springer Journals
Published: Dec 22, 2004
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