Picornavirales , a proposed order of positive-sense single-stranded RNA viruses with a pseudo-T = 3 virion architecture

Picornavirales , a proposed order of positive-sense single-stranded RNA viruses with a pseudo-T =... Despite the apparent natural grouping of “picorna-like” viruses, the taxonomical significance of this putative “supergroup” was never addressed adequately. We recently proposed to the ICTV that an order should be created and named Picornavirales , to include viruses infecting eukaryotes that share similar properties: (i) a positive-sense RNA genome, usually with a 5′-bound VPg and 3′-polyadenylated, (ii) genome translation into autoproteolytically processed polyprotein(s), (iii) capsid proteins organized in a module containing three related jelly-roll domains which form small icosahedral, non-enveloped particles with a pseudo-T = 3 symmetry, and (iv) a three-domain module containing a superfamily III helicase, a (cysteine) proteinase with a chymotrypsin-like fold and an RNA-dependent RNA polymerase. According to the above criteria, the order Picornavirales includes the families Picornaviridae, Comoviridae , Dicistroviridae, Marnaviridae, Sequiviridae and the unassigned genera Cheravirus , Iflavirus and Sadwavirus . Other taxa of “picorna-like” viruses, e.g. Potyviridae , Caliciviridae , Hypoviridae , do not conform to several of the above criteria and are more remotely related: therefore they are not being proposed as members of the new order. Newly described viruses, not yet assigned to an existing taxon by ICTV, may belong to the proposed order. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Virology Springer Journals

Picornavirales , a proposed order of positive-sense single-stranded RNA viruses with a pseudo-T = 3 virion architecture

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Publisher
Springer Vienna
Copyright
Copyright © 2008 by Springer-Verlag
Subject
Biomedicine; Infectious Diseases; Medical Microbiology ; Virology
ISSN
0304-8608
eISSN
1432-8798
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00705-008-0041-x
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Despite the apparent natural grouping of “picorna-like” viruses, the taxonomical significance of this putative “supergroup” was never addressed adequately. We recently proposed to the ICTV that an order should be created and named Picornavirales , to include viruses infecting eukaryotes that share similar properties: (i) a positive-sense RNA genome, usually with a 5′-bound VPg and 3′-polyadenylated, (ii) genome translation into autoproteolytically processed polyprotein(s), (iii) capsid proteins organized in a module containing three related jelly-roll domains which form small icosahedral, non-enveloped particles with a pseudo-T = 3 symmetry, and (iv) a three-domain module containing a superfamily III helicase, a (cysteine) proteinase with a chymotrypsin-like fold and an RNA-dependent RNA polymerase. According to the above criteria, the order Picornavirales includes the families Picornaviridae, Comoviridae , Dicistroviridae, Marnaviridae, Sequiviridae and the unassigned genera Cheravirus , Iflavirus and Sadwavirus . Other taxa of “picorna-like” viruses, e.g. Potyviridae , Caliciviridae , Hypoviridae , do not conform to several of the above criteria and are more remotely related: therefore they are not being proposed as members of the new order. Newly described viruses, not yet assigned to an existing taxon by ICTV, may belong to the proposed order.

Journal

Archives of VirologySpringer Journals

Published: Apr 1, 2008

References

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