Androgenesis in vitro in plants is a phenomenon of developmental switching of male generative cells, microspores, from their normal gametophytic to sporophytic pathway. We obtained androgenic callus and embryoids (embryo-like structures derived from microspores) of the conifer plant, Siberian larch (Larix sibirica Ledeb.) in the in vitro culture. The immune-enzyme analysis of the hormonal balance of larch androgenic cultures showed a substantial increase in the content of all phytohormones, especially cytokinins and ABA, as compared with initial explants (microstrobiles). This was evidently related to active cell divisions and embryoid formation. A comparison of androgenic cultures derived from trees nonifested and infested with larch gall midges (Dasineura rozhkovi Mam. et Nik.) revealed a cytokinin content increase (by two times) and an ABA content decrease (by two times), which indicates more intense growth of cultures derived from healthy trees. Phytohormone content in the androgenic callus was compared with their accumulation in the embryos of larch seeds harvested from noninfested trees. We concluded that successful growth of androgenic cultures and embryoid formation demand an additional medium supplement with auxins (not more than 0.5 mg/l).
Russian Journal of Plant Physiology – Springer Journals
Published: Sep 8, 2009
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