Phytohormone content in microstrobiles and androgenic callus of Siberian larch

Phytohormone content in microstrobiles and androgenic callus of Siberian larch Androgenesis in vitro in plants is a phenomenon of developmental switching of male generative cells, microspores, from their normal gametophytic to sporophytic pathway. We obtained androgenic callus and embryoids (embryo-like structures derived from microspores) of the conifer plant, Siberian larch (Larix sibirica Ledeb.) in the in vitro culture. The immune-enzyme analysis of the hormonal balance of larch androgenic cultures showed a substantial increase in the content of all phytohormones, especially cytokinins and ABA, as compared with initial explants (microstrobiles). This was evidently related to active cell divisions and embryoid formation. A comparison of androgenic cultures derived from trees nonifested and infested with larch gall midges (Dasineura rozhkovi Mam. et Nik.) revealed a cytokinin content increase (by two times) and an ABA content decrease (by two times), which indicates more intense growth of cultures derived from healthy trees. Phytohormone content in the androgenic callus was compared with their accumulation in the embryos of larch seeds harvested from noninfested trees. We concluded that successful growth of androgenic cultures and embryoid formation demand an additional medium supplement with auxins (not more than 0.5 mg/l). http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian Journal of Plant Physiology Springer Journals

Phytohormone content in microstrobiles and androgenic callus of Siberian larch

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Publisher
SP MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica
Copyright
Copyright © 2009 by Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.
Subject
Life Sciences; Plant Sciences ; Plant Physiology
ISSN
1021-4437
eISSN
1608-3407
D.O.I.
10.1134/S1021443709050100
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Androgenesis in vitro in plants is a phenomenon of developmental switching of male generative cells, microspores, from their normal gametophytic to sporophytic pathway. We obtained androgenic callus and embryoids (embryo-like structures derived from microspores) of the conifer plant, Siberian larch (Larix sibirica Ledeb.) in the in vitro culture. The immune-enzyme analysis of the hormonal balance of larch androgenic cultures showed a substantial increase in the content of all phytohormones, especially cytokinins and ABA, as compared with initial explants (microstrobiles). This was evidently related to active cell divisions and embryoid formation. A comparison of androgenic cultures derived from trees nonifested and infested with larch gall midges (Dasineura rozhkovi Mam. et Nik.) revealed a cytokinin content increase (by two times) and an ABA content decrease (by two times), which indicates more intense growth of cultures derived from healthy trees. Phytohormone content in the androgenic callus was compared with their accumulation in the embryos of larch seeds harvested from noninfested trees. We concluded that successful growth of androgenic cultures and embryoid formation demand an additional medium supplement with auxins (not more than 0.5 mg/l).

Journal

Russian Journal of Plant PhysiologySpringer Journals

Published: Sep 8, 2009

References

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