Physiological regulatory mechanisms of the marine phytoplankton community structure

Physiological regulatory mechanisms of the marine phytoplankton community structure Field studies, experiments, and mathematical modeling showed that seasonal cycle of the Black Sea phytoplankton is regulated by three major physiological mechanisms. The first mechanism is a high specific growth rate, high values of the uptake rate and the half-saturation constant of the uptake of the limiting nutrient. It operates in spring when small-cell diatoms Pseudo-nitzschia pseudodelicatissima and Chaetoceros curvisetus grow actively. The second mechanism is notable for relatively low rates of growth, the uptake rate, and half-saturation constant; it operates mainly at the end of spring and in the beginning of summer when coccolithophore Emiliania huxleyi is in abundance. The third mechanism prevails in summer and autumn when the mass of water is regularly agitated by wind and waves with domination of macrocellular diatoms Proboscia alata and Pseudosolenia calcar-avis. The cells of these algae can accumulate nutrient ensuring numerous divisions. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian Journal of Plant Physiology Springer Journals

Physiological regulatory mechanisms of the marine phytoplankton community structure

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Publisher
SP MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica
Copyright
Copyright © 2013 by Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.
Subject
Life Sciences; Plant Physiology; Plant Sciences
ISSN
1021-4437
eISSN
1608-3407
D.O.I.
10.1134/S102144371304016X
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Field studies, experiments, and mathematical modeling showed that seasonal cycle of the Black Sea phytoplankton is regulated by three major physiological mechanisms. The first mechanism is a high specific growth rate, high values of the uptake rate and the half-saturation constant of the uptake of the limiting nutrient. It operates in spring when small-cell diatoms Pseudo-nitzschia pseudodelicatissima and Chaetoceros curvisetus grow actively. The second mechanism is notable for relatively low rates of growth, the uptake rate, and half-saturation constant; it operates mainly at the end of spring and in the beginning of summer when coccolithophore Emiliania huxleyi is in abundance. The third mechanism prevails in summer and autumn when the mass of water is regularly agitated by wind and waves with domination of macrocellular diatoms Proboscia alata and Pseudosolenia calcar-avis. The cells of these algae can accumulate nutrient ensuring numerous divisions.

Journal

Russian Journal of Plant PhysiologySpringer Journals

Published: Jun 18, 2013

References

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